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The soluble brain protein 14-3-2 first described by Moore and McGregor in 1965 is now known to be a cell specific isoenzyme of the glycolytic enzyme enolase (EC 4.2.1.11), designated neuron specific enolase (NSE). It is not only a marker for all types of neurons, but also for all neuroendocrine or paraneuronal cells. The appearance of NSE is a late event in(More)
Peroxisomes have been shown to participate in a variety of pathological processes. Peroxisomal anomalities are central features of Zellweger's cerebro-hepato-renal syndrome, neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy, infantile Refsum's disease and several other genetic metabolic disorders (pseudo-Zellweger syndrome, Leber congenital amaurosis, cerebrotendinous(More)
  • E Kaiser
  • 1999
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids. This article reviews the source and structure of PLA2, the involvement of the enzyme in various biological and pathological phenomena, and the usefulness of PLA2 assays in laboratory diagnostics. Of particular importance is the role of PLA2 in the cellular(More)
The chemokine receptor, BLR1, is a major regulator of the microenvironmental homing of B cells in lymphoid organs. In vitro studies identify three essential elements of the TATA-less blr1 core promoter that confer cell type- and differentiation-specific expression in the B cells of both humans and mice, a functional promoter region (-36 with respect to the(More)
The BLR1 gene, isolated initially from Burkitt's lymphoma cells (Eur. J. Immunol. 1992. 22: 2795), encodes a G protein-coupled receptor with significant relationship to receptors for chemokines (IL-8, MIP-1 alpha) and neuropeptides. The murine homologue of human BLR1 was cloned and used to investigate its expression in vivo. blr1-specific transcripts are(More)
Phospholipases, a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids, are classified according to the bond cleaved in a phospholipid into PLA1 (EC 3.1.1.3), PLA2 (EC 3.1.1.4), PLB (EC 3.1.1.5), PLC (EC 3.1.4.3), and PLD (EC 3.1.4.4). This paper reviews source and structure of PLA2 and the involvement of PLA2 and PLC in several(More)
The Burkitt's lymphoma receptor 1 (BLR1) identified initially in Burkitt lymphoma cells has been the first member of the superfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors with a lymphocyte specific expression pattern. BLR1 shows significant relationship to receptors for chemokines (IL-8, MIP-1 beta) and neuropeptides. The gene encoding the murine homologue of the(More)