Edgar Heimer

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To clarify the role of CD36 as a TSP receptor and to investigate the mechanisms of the TSP-CD36 interaction, transfection studies were performed using CD36-cDNA in a CDM8 plasmid. Jurkat cells transfected with CD36 cDNA express an 88kD membrane surface protein and acquire the ability to bind thrombospondin. The TSP amino acid sequence, CSVTCG, mediates the(More)
A 12 amino-acid synthetic peptide (NANP)3 comprising the immunodominant epitope of Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein was conjugated to tetanus toxoid (TT), adjuvanted with aluminium hydroxide, and administered intramuscularly in three doses at monthly intervals to 35 healthy males as a malaria vaccine. No significant adverse reactions were(More)
The utility of repetitive nonhydrolytic base cleavage of alpha-amino protective groups in solid phase peptide synthesis is shown by a preparation of the model tetrapeptide leucyl-alanyl-glycyl-valine on a p-benzyloxybenzyl ester polystyrene--1% divinylbenzene resin support. Nalpha-9-Fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl (Fmoc: Carpino & Han, 1970, 1972) amino acids(More)
A recently cloned rat kidney protein (NBAT) mediates the sodium-independent transport of neutral as well as basic amino acids and cystine when expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. The human equivalent of this transporter may be the one that is defective in cystinuria. Immunocytochemical studies have indicated that NBAT is primarily localized in the brush(More)
Analytical high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) conditions are reported for the evaluation of recombinant human interferon monomers: recombinant human leukocyte interferon A (rIFN-alpha A), rIFN-alpha D, and the hybrid rIFN-alpha A1-62/D64-166. The two monomeric forms of rIFN-alpha A (slow-migrating monomer and fast-migrating monomer) were also(More)
The plasma enzyme responsible for primary proteolytic cleavage of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GRH) at the 2-3 amino acid bond was characterized. Native GRH[GRH(1-44)-NH2 and GRH(1-40)-OH], and COOH-terminally shortened fragments [GRH(1-32)-NH2 and GRH(1-29)-NH2] were rapidly cleaved, while GRH(2-32)-NH2 was not degraded at this site. Moreover,(More)
A novel synthesis of thymosin alpha 1 by classical methods using seven tert.-butyl side chain protected fragments is described. Optimum conditions were found for the final DCC/HOBt coupling of the two key intermediates; decapeptide and octadecapeptide. Thymosin alpha 1 was purified by two stages of preparative HPLC (partial purification with C8 and final(More)
The effect of plasma on degradation of human growth hormone-releasing hormone (GRH) was examined in vitro and in vivo using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), radioimmunoassay (RIA), and bioassay. When GRH(1-44)-NH2 was incubated with human plasma, the t1/2 of total GRH immunoreactivity was 63 min (RIA). However, HPLC revealed a more rapid(More)
The kinetics and selectivity of proteolysis of synthetic human growth hormone-releasing factor and analogs by purified human placental dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) were studied by HPLC. The initial rates of Ala2-Asp3 cleavage (pH 7.8, 37 degrees C, So = 0.15 mM) were all approx. 5 mumol min-1 mg-1 for the parent hormone, GRF(1-44)-NH2, and the(More)
Recombinant and synthetic peptides corresponding to envelope proteins of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were examined for their effects on the activities of lymphocytes from normal donors in vitro. Although lymphocytes cultured with env-gag peptides produced significant amounts of IgG, addition of env-gag peptides to a pokeweed mitogen-induced(More)