Edgar H. Vogel

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This paper describes three theoretical approaches to the representation of configural cues in generalization and discrimination in Pavlovian conditioning: that of the Rescorla-Wagner model, the Pearce model, and the authors' 'replaced elements' model. We summarize the results of a generalization experiment using the rabbit Pavlovian conditioned eyeblink(More)
This paper employs a large scale overlapping generations (OLG) model with endogenous education to evaluate the quantitative role of human capital adjustments for the economic consequences of demographic change. We find that endogenous human capital formation is an important adjustment mechanism which substantially mitigates the macroeconomic impact of(More)
BACKGROUND Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are prevalent in the general population and are associated with poor mental health and a higher risk of psychiatric disorders. The Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences-Positive (CAPE-P15) scale is a self-screening questionnaire to address subclinical positive psychotic symptoms (PPEs) in community(More)
Over the last few years, research on learning and memory has become increasingly interdisciplinary. In the past, theories of learning, as a prerogative of psychologists, were generally formulated in purely verbal terms and evaluated exclusively at the behavioral level. At present, scientists are trying to build theories with a quantitative and biological(More)
Considerable research has examined the contrasting predictions of the elemental and configural association theories proposed by Rescorla and Wagner (1972) and Pearce (1987), respectively. One simple method to distinguish between these approaches is the summation test, in which the associative strength attributed to a novel compound of two separately trained(More)
A series of experiments evaluated whether the habituation of the startle response of the rat to tactile and auditory cues is stimulus specific. Experiment 1 showed stimulus specificity of a short-term habituation effect, whereby the startle to the second of a pair of stimuli was significantly less when the initial stimulus involved the same rather than the(More)