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The multifunctional CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) protein exhibits a broad range of functions, including that of insulator and higher-order chromatin organizer. We found that CTCF comprises a previously unrecognized region that is necessary and sufficient to bind RNA (RNA-binding region [RBR]) and is distinct from its DNA-binding domain. Depletion of cellular(More)
Long-term gene silencing throughout cell division is generally achieved by DNA methylation and other epigenetic processes. Aberrant DNA methylation is now widely recognized to be associated with cancer and other human diseases. Here we addressed the contribution of the multifunctional nuclear factor CTCF to the epigenetic regulation of the human(More)
Cellular homeostasis is the result of an intricate and coordinated combinatorial of biochemical and molecular processes. Among them is the control of gene expression in the context of the chromatin structure which is central for cell survival. Interdependent action of transcription factors, cofactors, chromatin remodeling activities, and three-dimensional(More)
Genome organization into transcriptionally active domains denotes one of the first levels of gene expression regulation. Although the chromatin domain concept is generally accepted, only little is known on how domain organization impacts the regulation of differential gene expression. Insulators might hold answers to address this issue as they delimit and(More)
Post-transcriptional regulation by microRNAs is recognized as one of the major pathways for the control of cellular homeostasis. Less well understood is the transcriptional and epigenetic regulation of genes encoding microRNAs. In the present study we addressed the epigenetic regulation of the miR-181c in normal and malignant brain cells. To explore the(More)
Comprehensive genomic and computational studies in the era of high-throughput sequencing revealed that the major proportion of the human genome is transcribed. This novel insight confronted the scientific community with new questions concerning the expanded role of RNA, especially noncoding RNA (ncRNA), in cellular pathways. In recent years, there has been(More)
The three-dimensional architecture of genomes provides new insights about genome organization and function, but many aspects remain unsolved at the local genomic scale. Here we investigate the regulation of two erythroid-specific loci, a folate receptor gene (FOLR1) and the β-globin gene cluster, which are separated by 16kb of constitutive heterochromatin.(More)
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