Edgar E Garcia-Rill

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In an effort to account for a large number of reported functions mediated by a small portion of the midbrain, a hypothesis is advanced as a basis for discussion and not as established fact and is guided by reports from a large number of laboratories working on the same region but using widely disparate preparations. Overall, the hypothesized model suggests(More)
This review describes the role of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) in various functions, including sleep-wake mechanisms, arousal, locomotion and in several pathological conditions. Special emphasis is placed on the auditory input to the PPN and the possible role of this nucleus in the manifestation of the P1 middle latency auditory evoked response. The(More)
The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN), part of the reticular activating system, modulates waking and paradoxical sleep. During waking and paradoxical sleep, EEG responses are characterized by low-amplitude, high-frequency oscillatory activity in the beta-gamma band range (~20-80 Hz). We have previously reported that gamma band activity may be intrinsically(More)
These studies demonstrate the presence of the MLR in the rat brain. Controlled locomotion on a treadmill could be induced by low level stimulation (less than 50 microA) of an area in the posterior midbrain following a precollicular-prenigral brainstem transection. This area included the lateral part of the cuneiform nucleus and anterior as well as posterior(More)
Recordings of single unit activity in the posterior midbrain of the cat were carried out in the "fictive spontaneous locomotion" preparation. Neuronal activity was studied in relation to the onset, alternation and termination of cyclic hindlimb neurographic activity in the precollicular-postmammillary transected animal. Histochemical identification of(More)
Epidural and subdural stimulation of the dorsal surface of the spinal cord was found to elicit locomotion in the decerebrate cat in the active and fictive locomotion preparations. Stimulation of the cervical enlargement induced stepping in all four limbs, while stimulation of the lumbosacral enlargement induced hindlimb stepping. Lumbosacral enlargement(More)
This review cites evidence suggesting that the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN), long known as a site of termination for basal ganglia outputs, is equivalent to the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR), an area known to modulate spinal locomotion oscillators. The presence of cholinergic cells in this area also identifies it with the CH-5 cell group. In(More)
The organization of components of the reticular activating system and their role in sleep-wake mechanisms and arousal are described. A functional model is proposed based on known neuroanatomical and neurophysiological findings. The involvement of these elements of the reticular activating system in various neurological and psychiatric disorders is(More)
Extracellular and intracellular recordings were carried out from neurons in the region of the pontine reticular formation at the transition between the nucleus reticularis pontis oralis and caudalis, and in the pontis caudalis. Responses were studied after stimulation of the mesopontine cholinergic pedunculopontine nucleus in precollicular-postmammillary(More)
The human P1/P50 midlatency auditory evoked potential and the startle response (SR) have been used as measures of sensory and sensorimotor gating, respectively. In the present study, both prepulse and paired stimulus paradigms were used in order to investigate the relationship between sensory gating mechanisms of the P13 potential, the putative rodent(More)