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High-level mupirocin- and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from five hospitals in Kuwait were studied by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) to determine their relatedness to one another and to high-level mupirocin-resistant MRSA isolated previously in a Burns Unit. The genetic location of mupirocin resistance determinant was(More)
As part of a screening programme to identify modulators of multidrug efflux in methicillin resistant Staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA), we have validated our assays using the antihypertensive plant alkaloid reserpine. Clinical isolates of MRSA were resistant to tetracycline and shown to possess the tet(K) determinant which encodes for the Tet(K) efflux protein,(More)
This study characterised non-multiresistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (nmMRSA) isolates from Kuwait hospitals to ascertain whether they were community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA). Forty-two nmMRSA isolates obtained between July 2001 and October 2003 were analysed by staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing, bacteriophage typing,(More)
Enterococci isolated in a teaching hospital were studied for their resistance to different antibiotics. Minimum inhibitory concentrations to high-level aminoglycosides and glycopeptide antibiotics were determined by agar dilution and E-test methods respectively. Genes encoding aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes were detected by the polymerase chain reaction(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) genotypes circulating at a tertiary hospital in the Sultanate of Oman. A total of 79 MRSA isolates were obtained from different clinical samples and investigated using antibiogram, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE),(More)
Epidemiological data based on phenotypic and molecular characterization of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in sub-Saharan Africa are limited. This investigation studied 61 MRSA isolates obtained from 13 health-care institutions in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) province, South Africa, from March 2001 to August 2003. More than 80 % of the isolates(More)
A series of 5-substituted oxazolidinones with varying substitution at the 5-position of the oxazolidinone ring were synthesized and their in vitro antibacterial activity was evaluated. The compounds demonstrated potent to weak antibacterial activity. A novel compound (PH-027) demonstrated potent antibacterial activity, which is comparable to or better than(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to determine the frequency of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing Staphylococcus aureus among strains isolated in our laboratory and to study the association of PVL-positive strains with clinical disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 291 S. aureus isolates obtained from different clinical specimens from June(More)
BACKGROUND As the epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is constantly changing globally, determining the prevailing MRSA clones in a local healthcare facility is important for better management of infections. This study investigated clonal composition and distribution of MRSA isolates in Kuwait's hospitals using a combination of(More)