Eddy Karnieli

Learn More
The insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-I-R) plays a critical role in transformation events. It is highly overexpressed in most malignant tissues where it functions as an anti-apoptotic agent by enhancing cell survival. Tumor suppressor p53 is a nuclear transcription factor that blocks cell cycle progression and induces apoptosis. p53 is the most(More)
Tumorigenesis is associated with enhanced cellular glucose uptake and increased metabolism. Because the p53 tumor suppressor is mutated in a large number of cancers, we evaluated whether p53 regulates expression of the GLUT1 and GLUT4 glucose transporter genes. Transient cotransfection of osteosarcoma-derived SaOS-2 cells, rhabdomyosarcoma-derived RD cells,(More)
In today's society with the escalating levels of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, the metabolic syndrome is receiving considerable attention and is the subject of much controversy. Greater insight into the mechanism(s) behind the syndrome may improve our understanding of how to prevent and best manage this complex condition.
Insulin stimulates glucose transport in rat adipose cells through the translocation of glucose transporters from an intracellular pool to the plasma membrane. A detailed characterization of the morphology, protein composition and marker enzyme content of subcellular fractions of these cells, prepared by differential ultracentrifugation, and of the(More)
FOXO1 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) are crucial transcription factors that regulate glucose metabolism and insulin responsiveness in insulin target tissues. We have shown that, in primary rat adipocytes, both factors regulate transcription of the insulin-responsive GLUT4 gene and that PPARgamma2 detachment from the GLUT4(More)
AIMS Evaluate the safety and efficacy of once-daily insulin detemir initiated in routine clinical practice in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately controlled with oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHAs). METHODS This large observational study was conducted in 10 countries. Adverse event data (including hypoglycaemia) and glycaemic control were(More)
The synthetic thiazolidinedione ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) improve insulin sensitivity in type II diabetes and induce GLUT4 mRNA expression in fat and muscle. However, the molecular mechanisms involved are still unclear. We studied the regulatory effects of PPARgamma and its ligands on GLUT4 gene expression in(More)
The metabolic syndrome affects more than a third of the US population, predisposing to the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The 2009 consensus statement from the International Diabetes Federation, American Heart Association, World Heart Federation, International Atherosclerosis Society, International Association for the Study of(More)
Tumour-promoting phorbol esters have insulin-like effects on glucose transport and lipogenesis in adipocytes and myocytes. It is believed that insulin activates the glucose-transport system through translocation of glucose transporters from subcellular membranes to the plasma membrane. The aim of the present study was to investigate if phorbol esters act(More)
The effects of high-fat/low-carbohydrate feeding on glucose transport activity and on the concentrations of glucose transport systems in the plasma and low-density microsomal membranes in isolated rat adipose cells have been examined. Glucose transport activity was assessed by measuring 3-O-methylglucose transport and the concentration of glucose transport(More)