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Juvenile rats sustaining dopamine depletions by intraventricular injections of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) as neonates were used to study the role of the striatum in controlling play fighting. As juveniles, the rats exhibited all the behavior elements typical of play fighting. However, they were more likely to use defensive tactics that shortened the playful(More)
Rats treated with reserpine develop spontaneous orofacial dyskinesia that has features similar to tardive dyskinesia (TD) in humans. In contrast to TD, however, reserpine-induced oral dyskinesia develops rapidly reaching a maximal level within 3 days at a dose of 1 mg/kg per day. The present study examined whether rats administered lower doses of reserpine(More)
Previous research has shown that animals predisposed to eat and drink in response to electrical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus (ESLH) are similarly predisposed to drink excessively when tested for schedule-induced polydipsia. The eating and drinking elicited by both experimental paradigms appears to be unrelated to homeostatic need and has been(More)
It is reported that in rats the repeated intermittent administration of amphetamine produces a long-lasting enhancement in medial frontal cortex dopamine utilization. This change in mesocortical dopamine activity may be involved in the behavioral sensitization produced by psychomotor stimulant drugs, and some of the cognitive abnormalities (e.g. amphetamine(More)
Repeated treatment with high doses of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; "ecstasy") produces a long-lasting depletion of brain serotonin, presumably because of the degeneration of serotonin axon terminals. However, very little is known about the long-term behavioral consequences of MDMA neurotoxicity. The experiments reported here were designed to(More)
Rats depleted of dopamine (DA) by intraventricular 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in infancy show behavioral impairments as adults, but their basic sensory-motor functions and feeding abilities are intact; at least relative to the pronounced deficits seen in rats given similar treatment in adulthood. Here we investigate whether presynaptic changes culminating(More)
Long-Evans rats received bilateral 6-hydroxydopamine infusions into the nucleus accumbens and were tested immediately (1 and 2 days) or after a recovery period (14 and 15 days) for changes in extracellular levels of dorsal striatal monoamines using in vivo microdialysis. Compared to controls, the monoamine metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid,(More)
The hypothesis that cannabinoids potentiate the motor effects of neuroleptics and produce their abuse potential by stimulating dopaminergic activity was tested by measuring the ability of THC to increase extracellular dopamine concentrations. Male Long-Evans rats were implanted with guide cannulae for the striatum or nucleus accumbens. Fifteen hours prior(More)
The experiments examined the suggestion that the dopaminergic (DA) projection to the motor cortex are involved in the motor impairments that follow complete hemitelencephalic DA depletions. The neurotoxin, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), was injected unilaterally into the sensorimotor cortex (MCtx), the ventral tegmental area (VTA), or into the substantia nigra(More)
Mathematical principles of reinforcement (MPR; Killeen, 1994) is a quantitative model of operant behavior that contains three parameters representing motor capacity (delta), motivation (a), and short term memory (lambda). The present study applied MPR to characterize the effects of bilateral infusions of 6-OHDA into the substantia nigra pars compacta in the(More)