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Rats receiving unilateral dopamine (DA) depletions have bilateral deficits in using the forelimbs for skilled reaching. These impairments were investigated using end-point, video, and kinematic measures. Control rats and groups of rats with > 98% unilateral depletions (confirmed by tissue, apomorphine, and amphetamine assay), produced by 6-hydroxydopamine(More)
Both cocaine and cocaine-associated stimuli can reinstate extinguished self-administration behavior in animals. It has been suggested that reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior may be mediated by enhanced dopamine (DA) neurotransmission. To examine this hypothesis, DA overflow was measured in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) of rats during both extinction and(More)
In vivo microdialysis, behavioral activity assessments, and a conditioned place preference (CPP) test were used to investigate dopaminergic correlates of cocaine-conditioned behaviors. Over 12 days, rats were given either intravenous cocaine (4.2 mg/kg) or saline (6 cocaine and 6 saline infusions) daily in distinctively different environments. The following(More)
Squads of rats were assayed at three intervals following MA-induced neurotoxicity to investigate the persistence of monoamine deficits, the potential for monoamine recovery, and spatial task abilities. At 48, 139, and 237 days postinjection, MA animals showed significant monoamine depletions compared with controls. Investigating percent depletions(More)
Intracerebral microdialysis was used to measure the extracellular concentration of striatal dopamine (DA) and its metabolites in freely moving rats depleted of DA by the bilateral infusion of 6-hydroxydopamine into the substantia nigra approximately 1 month earlier. It was found that the basal extracellular concentration of DA remained within the same range(More)
In two conditioning experiments, identical procedures (previously shown to produce place preferences for a cocaine-paired environment) were used to assess dopaminergic and behavioral activity correlates of cocaine reward conditioning and sensitization. In these experiments, animals received repeated injections of intravenous cocaine (4.2 mg/kgx6) or saline(More)
Juvenile rats sustaining dopamine depletions by intraventricular injections of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) as neonates were used to study the role of the striatum in controlling play fighting. As juveniles, the rats exhibited all the behavior elements typical of play fighting. However, they were more likely to use defensive tactics that shortened the playful(More)
Rats treated with reserpine develop spontaneous orofacial dyskinesia that has features similar to tardive dyskinesia (TD) in humans. In contrast to TD, however, reserpine-induced oral dyskinesia develops rapidly reaching a maximal level within 3 days at a dose of 1 mg/kg per day. The present study examined whether rats administered lower doses of reserpine(More)
The repeated intermittent administration of amphetamine (AMP) produces an enduring enhancement in the response of dopamine (DA) systems in the brain to a subsequent "challenge" with amphetamine. However, former amphetamine addicts are not only hypersensitive to amphetamine, but also to "physical or psychological stress". This suggests that sensitization to(More)
Exposure to amphetamine (AMPH) in vivo produces an enduring enhancement ('sensitization') in AMPH-stimulated striatal DA release in vitro. Experiments were conducted to determine whether striatal DA release evoked by neuronal depolarization is altered by AMPH pretreatment in a similar manner. It was found that AMPH pretreatment produced a long-lasting (at(More)