Learn More
Future systems powered by energy scavenging, e.g., wireless sensor nodes, demand μW-range ADCs with no static bias currents in order to have a power dissipation proportional to the sample rate. An ADC that meets these requirements by using a charge-redistribution DAC, a dynamic 2-stage comparator, and a delay-line-based controller is realized in CMOS.(More)
The bandwidth of global on-chip interconnects in modern CMOS processes is limited by their high resistance and capacitance [1]. Repeaters that are used to speed up these interconnects consume a considerable amount of power [2] and area. Recently published techniques [1-4] increase the achievable data rate at the cost of high static power consumption,(More)
—This paper presents a set of circuit techniques to achieve high data rate point-to-point communication over long on-chip RC-limited wire-pairs. The ideal line termination impedances for a flat transfer function with linear phase (pure delay) are derived, using an s-parameter wire-pair model. It is shown that a driver with series capacitance on the one hand(More)
—Crosstalk limits the achievable data rate of global on-chip interconnects on large CMOS ICs. This is especially the case, if low-swing signaling is used to reduce power consumption. Differential interconnects provide a solution for most crosstalk and noise sources, but not for neighbor-to-neighbor crosstalk in a data bus. This neighbor-to-neighbor(More)
Both ring oscillators and relaxation oscillators are subsets of RC oscillators featuring large tuning ranges and small areas. Figure 19.5.1 shows a typical relaxation oscillator with a capacitor and two switched current sources. Such relaxation oscillators have two advantages with respect to ring oscillators: 1) they have a constant frequency tuning gain;(More)
The on-chip communication is getting more attention, as (global) interconnects are rapidly becoming a speed, power and reliability bottleneck for digital systems [1]. Technological advances such as copper interconnects and low-k dielectrics are not sufficient to let the interconnect bandwidth keep up with the advances in transistor speeds. From a(More)