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Evidence exists for a specific diabetic cardiomyopathy independent of concurrent vascular disease. We tested the hypothesis that chronic hyperglycaemia found in streptozotocin- (STZ) induced diabetic rats leads to an altered response to and contractile effects of hyperosmotic shrinkage in ventricular myocytes. Analysis confirmed significant hyperglycaemia(More)
Short-term (6 weeks) voluntary wheel running exercise in young female rats that were in an active growth phase resulted in whole-heart hypertrophy and myocyte concentric hypertrophy, when compared to sedentary controls. The cross-sectional area of ventricular myocytes from trained rats was significantly greater than for those isolated from sedentary rats,(More)
1 Exposure to docosahexaenoïc acid (DHA), a long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid, is known to block several ionic currents such as the transient outward current I(TO). It has also been reported to activate certain potassium channels. It has been suggested that these effects, observed in single-cell experiments, participate in the antiarrhythmic properties(More)
Diets were formulated using sugar, soya-bean meal and free amino acids to contain 0.1-0.8 g lysine/MJ digestible energy (DE) and offered at three times maintenance to male and female pigs from 20 to 45 kg live weight. Growth responses and retentions of protein, fat, energy and lysine were assessed. Increasing the dietary lysine concentration resulted in(More)
1. Microtubules form part of the cytoskeleton. Their role in adult ventricular myocytes is not well understood although microtubule proliferation has previously been linked with reduced contractile function. 2. We investigated the effect of the anti-tumour drug taxol, a known microtubule polymerizing agent, on Ca2+ handling in adult rat ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to investigate the mechanisms responsible for provoking and maintaining a large, stretch-induced, increase in the level of resting calcium in single guinea-pig ventricular myocytes. In particular, we wished to test the relative importance of intracellular and extracellular sources of calcium in this phenomenon. METHODS(More)
Associations between C4 deficiency and autoimmune disorders have been found over the past several years. Since autism has several autoimmune features, the frequencies of null (no protein produced) alleles at the C4A and C4B loci were studied in 19 subjects with autism and their family members. The autistic subjects and their mothers had significantly(More)
The Frank-Starling law of the heart applies to all classes of vertebrates. It describes how stretch of cardiac muscle, up to an optimum length, increases contractility thereby linking cardiac ejection to cardiac filling. The cellular mechanisms underlying the Frank-Starling response include an increase in myofilament sensitivity for Ca2+, decreased(More)
The effects of short (1 min) and long (7-10 min) exposure to hyposmotic solution on excitation-contraction coupling in rat ventricular myocytes were studied. After short exposure, the action potential duration at 90% repolarization (APD(90)), the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) transient amplitude, and contraction increased, whereas the(More)
Confocal microscopy was used to investigate the temporal and spatial properties of Ca(2+) transients and Ca(2+) sparks in ventricular myocytes of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Confocal imaging confirmed the absence of T tubules and the long ( approximately 160 microm), thin ( approximately 8 microm) morphology of trout myocytes. Line scan imaging(More)