Learn More
BACKGROUND Paracellular microvascular hyperpermeability occurs mainly because of the disruption of the endothelial adherens junction complex. Vascular endothelial-cadherin that consists of an extracellular and intracellular domain to confer cell-cell contact is linked to the actin cytoskeletal assembly through β-catenin. Our objective was to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Despite abundant experimental studies of biomarker patterns in early severe sepsis and septic shock, human data are few. Further, the impact of the severity of global tissue hypoxia resulting from resuscitative strategies on these early biomarker patterns remains unknown. METHODS The temporal patterns of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist,(More)
The activation and adherence of leukocytes to the venular endothelium are critical steps in the pathogenesis of generalized microvascular injury following hemorrhagic shock. Previous studies have shown that the integrins CD11/CD18 play a significant role in this interaction. The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of anti-LFA-1beta, an antibody(More)
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) disrupts the endothelial cell barrier, resulting in microvascular hyperpermeability. Recent studies have also demonstrated that activation of the apoptotic signaling cascade is involved in endothelial dysfunction, which may result in hyperpermeability. Here we report involvement of the mitochondrial "intrinsic" pathway in(More)
Although the critical role of systemic inflammatory edema in the development of multiple organ failure in patients with massive burns has been fully recognized, the precise mechanisms responsible for the accumulation of blood fluid and proteins in tissues remote from the burn wound are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that(More)
Marinobufagenin (MBG) is an endogenous mammalian cardiotonic steroid that is involved in the inhibition of the sodium pump Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase. Increased plasma levels of MBG have been reported in patients with preeclampsia. MBG increases microvascular barrier permeability in an animal model of preeclampsia. However, the mechanism by which MBG impairs(More)
BACKGROUND Microvascular hyperpermeability that occurs in hemorrhagic shock and burn trauma is regulated by the apoptotic signaling pathway. We hypothesized that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) would promote hyperpermeability directly or by interacting with other signaling pathways. METHODS Rat lung microvascular(More)
The generation of oxygen radicals during leukocyte-endothelial cell interaction is considered to represent one of the fundamental steps of microvascular injury following ischemia and reperfusion. Indirect evidence also suggests that this relationship may be important following hemorrhagic shock. The purpose of this study was to characterize the temporal(More)
Proper lymphatic function is necessary for the transport of fluids, macromolecules, antigens and immune cells out of the interstitium. The lymphatic endothelium plays important roles in the modulation of lymphatic contractile activity and lymph transport, but it’s role as a barrier between the lymph and interstitial compartments is less well understood.(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined whether alpha lipoic acid (ALA), an antioxidant with anti-apoptotic properties, synthesized in mitochondria of endothelial cells, would inhibit intrinsic apoptotic signaling and microvascular endothelial cell hyperpermeability. METHODS Rat lung microvascular endothelial cells were transfected with BAK (BH3) peptide (5(More)