Ed W. Childs

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The generation of oxygen radicals during leukocyte-endothelial cell interaction is considered to represent one of the fundamental steps of microvascular injury following ischemia and reperfusion. Indirect evidence also suggests that this relationship may be important following hemorrhagic shock. The purpose of this study was to characterize the temporal(More)
The pathogenesis of generalized microvascular injury following hemorrhagic shock and total ischemia appears to be dependent on leukocytes interacting with the venular endothelium. The purpose of this study was to compare leukocyte adherence and sequestration following hemorrhagic shock with that of total ischemia in the small bowel mesentery of rats.(More)
Marinobufagenin (MBG) is an endogenous mammalian cardiotonic steroid that is involved in the inhibition of the sodium pump Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase. Increased plasma levels of MBG have been reported in patients with preeclampsia. MBG increases microvascular barrier permeability in an animal model of preeclampsia. However, the mechanism by which MBG impairs(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined whether alpha lipoic acid (ALA), an antioxidant with anti-apoptotic properties, synthesized in mitochondria of endothelial cells, would inhibit intrinsic apoptotic signaling and microvascular endothelial cell hyperpermeability. METHODS Rat lung microvascular endothelial cells were transfected with BAK (BH3) peptide (5(More)
Proper lymphatic function is necessary for the transport of fluids, macromolecules, antigens and immune cells out of the interstitium. The lymphatic endothelium plays important roles in the modulation of lymphatic contractile activity and lymph transport, but it’s role as a barrier between the lymph and interstitial compartments is less well understood.(More)
BACKGROUND Microvascular hyperpermeability following conditions such as hemorrhagic shock occurs mainly owing to disruption of the adherens junctional protein complex in endothelial cells. The objective of this study was to examine the action of staurosporine, a potent activator of endogenous caspase 3 on the adherens junction and the cellular pathway(More)
BACKGROUND Paracellular microvascular hyperpermeability occurs mainly because of the disruption of the endothelial adherens junction complex. Vascular endothelial-cadherin that consists of an extracellular and intracellular domain to confer cell-cell contact is linked to the actin cytoskeletal assembly through β-catenin. Our objective was to determine the(More)
It has been shown that the intrinsic mitochondrial apoptotic cascade is activated in vascular hyperpermeability after conditions such as hemorrhagic shock. Studies from our laboratory demonstrated mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in endothelial cells during vascular hyperpermeability. We hypothesized that the participation of(More)
Vascular hyperpermeability is a clinical complication associated with hemorrhagic shock (HS) and occurs mainly because of the disruption of the adherens junctional complex. The objective of this study was to understand the role of 17beta-estradiol in HS-induced hyperpermeability particularly focusing on estrogen receptors. In male Sprague-Dawley rats, HS(More)