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BACKGROUND Intensivists frequently prescribe proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or histamine-2 receptor blockers (H2RBs) to intensive care unit patients for stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP). Despite the common use of SUP medicines, there is limited high-level evidence to support the choice between them. AIM To describe self-reported practice of SUP by Australian(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine how frequently stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) medications prescribed in the intensive care unit are inappropriately continued on the ward and on hospital discharge. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study; chart review. SETTING Two Australian ICUs: one tertiary centre and one metropolitan centre. PARTICIPANTS We included 387 adult,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether preoperative introduction of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) reduced mortality in high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS This was a retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data on all patients who underwent cardiac surgery at a university hospital in(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe current patterns in initiation and cessation of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) in intensive care units, and to assess the costs associated with inappropriate (non-evidence-based) SUP. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Retrospective observational study in five ICUs in Western Australia. We assessed the(More)
OBJECTIVES The use of league tables has become predominant in the healthcare culture of the United Kingdom. These tables are often based on measures that are viewed with scepticism by clinicians. This study was designed to test the validity of a North American risk of admission score, the PRISA, for use in a United Kingdom population of accident and(More)
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