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A physiological examination of mice harboring a null allele at the aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) locus revealed that the encoded aryl hydrocarbon receptor plays a role in the resolution of fetal vascular structures during development. Although the aryl hydrocarbon receptor is more commonly studied for its role in regulating xenobiotic metabolism and dioxin(More)
The cDNAs for the four murine aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor alleles were cloned and sequenced, and the deduced amino acid sequences were compared. The Ahb-1 allele encodes a protein of 805 amino acids, the Ahd and Ahb-2 alleles encode proteins of 848 amino acids, and the Ahb-3 allele encodes a protein of 883 amino acids. The alleles differ by eight point(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) is a promising vector for therapy of retinal degenerative diseases. We evaluated the efficiency, cellular specificity, and safety of retinal cell transduction in nonhuman primates after subretinal delivery of an rAAV carrying a cDNA encoding green fluorescent protein (EGFP), rAAV. CMV.EGFP. The treatment results in(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates the effects of agonists like 2,3, 7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. In the current model for AHR signaling, the unliganded receptor is found in the cytosol as part of a complex with a dimer of the 90-kDa heat shock protein and an immunophilin-like molecule, ARA9. In(More)
We previously hypothesized that the genetic trait of aromatic hydrocarbon nonresponsiveness (the failure in certain inbred strains of mice of polycyclic hydrocarbons to induce aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity, and the diminished sensitivity to the more potent inducer 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is due to mutation which results in an(More)
We have developed an approach to classify toxicants based upon their influence on profiles of mRNA transcripts. Changes in liver gene expression were examined after exposure of mice to 24 model treatments that fall into five well-studied toxicological categories: peroxisome proliferators, aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists, noncoplanar polychlorinated(More)
The mammalian aromatic hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor is a soluble protein involved in the regulation of gene expression by halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Little is known, however, about the presence and properties of this receptor in nonmammalian species. In these studies, we sought evidence for an Ah(More)