Ed B P Smith

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The mechanism of general anaesthesia has proved difficult to elucidate (see ref. 1 for a review), although the relative potencies of anaesthetic agents have been used to establish that the site at which anaesthetics act is hydrophobic in nature. One further clue to their mode of action is that the effects of anaesthetics on vertebrates can be eliminated by(More)
The effect of hyperbaric pressure on the inhibitory glycine receptor has been investigated in voltage-clamped Xenopus oocytes microinjected with cRNA encoding the human alpha-1 glycine receptor subunit. Heterologous expression of the human alpha-1 subunit generated functional glycine-gated channels with properties typical of native receptors. Glycine(More)
The effects of general anesthetics and pressure on receptors from the mammalian central nervous system have been investigated using oocyte expression techniques. Poly A+ mRNA extracted from rat whole brain was injected into mature Xenopus oocytes producing depolarizing responses to the fast excitatory neurotransmitters NMDA and kainate and the inhibitory(More)
The effect of high pressure on the response to glycine or kainate of voltage-clamped Xenopus oocytes micro-injected with messenger-RNA derived from either rat spinal cord or whole brain, respectively, has been investigated. Current responses were measured at 1 bar (= 10(5) Pa), 50 bar, 100 bar and 150 bar, with PO2 fixed at 1 bar and the balance helium.(More)
The site at which anaesthetics act within the central nervous system (CNS) has been the subject of research for almost 100 years. Most success has been obtained in defining the physical nature of the site [70]. For example, the well established correlation of anaesthetic potency to fat solubility indicates that the site of action is hydrophobic. Research(More)
In the soft, gelatinous thickenings that appear to be the precursors of fibrous plaques, concentrations of plasma low-density lipoproteins (LP) and fibrinogen were three to four times higher than that in normal intima, but their concentrations of fibrin was not significantly higher. By contrast, in 60% of cholesterol-rich areas from more advanced plaques,(More)
prevalence of a disease is often called the prior probability of that disease occurring. In this study the prior probability of a cow not recovering was 0-24, 0-69, 069 and 0-81 on the first, second , third and fourth day of its recumbency. The positive and negative predictive values are the posterior, or after the test, probabilities of the disease(More)
1. The effects of a variety of structural isomers of the centrally acting muscle relaxant mephenesin on the high pressure neurological syndrome have been investigated. Threshold pressures for the onset of the behavioural signs, tremors and convulsions, were established. The effects of these compounds on the response to pressure were also compared with their(More)