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AIMS Vibrio identification by means of traditional microbiological methods is time consuming because of the many biochemical tests that have to be performed to distinguish closely related species. This work aimed at evaluating the use of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for the rapid identification of Vibrio (V.) spp. as an advantageous application to rapidly(More)
The aim of our study was to obtain data for the molecular characterization of bdellovibrio bacteria, which were recently split into the genus Bdellovibrio and the newly designated genus Bacteriovorax. We determined the 16S rDNA sequences of five reference strains and performed a phylogenetic analysis including published 16S rRNA sequences of bdellovibrios.(More)
Shiga toxin 2e (Stx2e)-producing strains from food (n = 36), slaughtered pigs (n = 25), the environment (n = 21), diseased pigs (n = 19), and humans (n = 9) were investigated for production of Stx2e by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, for virulence markers by PCR, and for their serotypes to evaluate their role as potential human pathogens. Stx2e(More)
Ein PCR-Nachweis für gentechnisch veränderten Mais «Event 176» der Fa. Ciba-Geigy wurde etabliert. Der Mais enthält Gene, die Selbstschutz gegen den Maiszünsler (Delta-Endotoxin-Gen ausBacillus thuringiensis) und Toleranz gegen das Herbizid Basta (Phosphinothricin-Resistenz-Gen ausStreptomyces hygroscopicus) vermitteln. Zudem enthält der Mais ein(More)
Many enteric pathogens are equipped with multiple cell adhesion factors which are important for host tissue colonization and virulence. Y. enterocolitica, a common food-borne pathogen with invasive properties, uses the surface proteins invasin and YadA for host cell binding and entry. In this study, we demonstrate unique cell adhesion and invasion(More)
Serotyping of O-(lipopolysaccharide) and H-(flagellar) antigens is a wideley used method for identification of pathogenic strains and clones of Escherichia coli. At present, 176 O- and 53 H-antigens are described for E. coli which occur in different combinations in the strains. The flagellar antigen H4 is widely present in E. coli strains of different(More)
A Shiga toxin (Stx)-encoding temperate bacteriophage of Shigella sonnei strain CB7888 was investigated for its morphology, DNA similarity, host range, and lysogenization in Shigella and Escherichia coli strains. Phage 7888 formed plaques on a broad spectrum of Shigella strains belonging to different species and serotypes, including Stx-producing Shigella(More)
The plasmid content of apathogenic Y. enterocolitica biovar 1A strains was determined and the plasmids were compared with the virulence plasmid of a pathogenic Y. enterocolitica strain. About 38% of the selected biovar 1A strains contained plasmids of different sizes ranging from 2.7 kb to more than 70 kb. Some of the larger plasmids had a size similar to(More)
The aim of our study was to find out if plasmids of foodborne Yersinia enterocolitica biogroup 1A strains harbour genes related to the virulence genes located on the virulence plasmid pYV of Yersinia enterocolitica. The foodborne strains were isolated from pork, as pigs are considered as an important reservoir for enteropathogenic Y. enterocolitica 0:3 and(More)