Eckhard Strauch

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The stringent response was elicited in the antibiotic producer Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) either by amino acid depletion (nutritional shiftdown) or by the addition of serine hydroxamate; both led to increased levels of ppGpp and to a reduction in transcription from the four promoters of the rrnD rRNA gene set. Analysis of untreated batch cultures(More)
Transcription of redD, the activator gene required for production of the red-pigmented antibiotic undecylprodigiosin by Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), showed a dramatic increase during the transition from exponential to stationary phase. The increase in redD expression was followed by transcription of redX, a biosynthetic structural gene, and the appearance(More)
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus HD100 is an obligate predatory bacterium that attacks and invades Gram-negative bacteria. The predator requires living bacteria to survive as growth and replication take place inside the bacterial prey. It is possible to isolate mutants that grow and replicate outside prey bacteria. Such mutants are designated host or prey(More)
AIMS Vibrio identification by means of traditional microbiological methods is time consuming because of the many biochemical tests that have to be performed to distinguish closely related species. This work aimed at evaluating the use of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for the rapid identification of Vibrio (V.) spp. as an advantageous application to rapidly(More)
The aim of our study was to obtain data for the molecular characterization of bdellovibrio bacteria, which were recently split into the genus Bdellovibrio and the newly designated genus Bacteriovorax. We determined the 16S rDNA sequences of five reference strains and performed a phylogenetic analysis including published 16S rRNA sequences of bdellovibrios.(More)
Enteroaggregative, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (EAEC-STEC) O104:H4 strains are emerging pathogens causing life threatening diseases in humans. EAEC-STEC O104:H4 strains isolated between 2001 and 2011 were found to harbor a distinct type of Shiga toxin 2a- (Stx2a) encoding prophage. This phage type shows only <65% genetic similarity to so far described(More)
Shiga toxin 2 (Stx2)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O104:H4 caused one of the world's largest outbreaks of hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome in Germany in 2011. These strains have evolved from enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) by the acquisition of the Stx2 genes and have been designated enteroaggregative hemorrhagic E. coli. Nucleotide(More)
Ein PCR-Nachweis für gentechnisch veränderten Mais «Event 176» der Fa. Ciba-Geigy wurde etabliert. Der Mais enthält Gene, die Selbstschutz gegen den Maiszünsler (Delta-Endotoxin-Gen ausBacillus thuringiensis) und Toleranz gegen das Herbizid Basta (Phosphinothricin-Resistenz-Gen ausStreptomyces hygroscopicus) vermitteln. Zudem enthält der Mais ein(More)
A Shiga toxin (Stx)-encoding temperate bacteriophage of Shigella sonnei strain CB7888 was investigated for its morphology, DNA similarity, host range, and lysogenization in Shigella and Escherichia coli strains. Phage 7888 formed plaques on a broad spectrum of Shigella strains belonging to different species and serotypes, including Stx-producing Shigella(More)
Many enteric pathogens are equipped with multiple cell adhesion factors which are important for host tissue colonization and virulence. Y. enterocolitica, a common food-borne pathogen with invasive properties, uses the surface proteins invasin and YadA for host cell binding and entry. In this study, we demonstrate unique cell adhesion and invasion(More)