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A simple reversed-phase nano-column purification and sample preparation technique is described, which markedly improves the mass spectrometric analysis of complex and contaminated peptide mixtures by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI). The method is simple, fast and utilizes only low-cost disposables. After loading the sample on the column(More)
In the present study we show results of a large-scale proteome analysis of the recently sequenced plant Arabidopsis thaliana. On the basis of a previously published sequential protein extraction protocol, we prepared protein extracts from eight different A. thaliana tissues (primary leaf, leaf, stem, silique, seedling, seed, root, and inflorescence) and(More)
The huntingtin interacting protein (HIP1) is enriched in membrane-containing cell fractions and has been implicated in vesicle trafficking. It is a multidomain protein containing an N-terminal ENTH domain, a central coiled-coil forming region and a C-terminal actin-binding domain. In the present study we have identified three HIP1 associated proteins,(More)
Our understanding of the regulation of vascular tone has been extended since the identification of vasoactive agents such as the atrial natriuretic peptides, endothelial-derived relaxing factor and endothelin. Unidentified vasopressive agents have been found in platelets. Here we isolate these vasopressors and identify them as diadenosine pentaphosphate(More)
The accumulation of insoluble protein aggregates in intra and perinuclear inclusions is a hallmark of Huntington's disease (HD) and related glutamine-repeat disorders. A central question is whether protein aggregation plays a direct role in the pathogenesis of these neurodegenerative diseases. Here we show by using a filter retardation assay that the mAb(More)
We present a new MALD1 sample preparation technique for peptide analysis using the matrix alpha-cyano-4-hydroxy-cinnamic acid (CHCA) and prestructured sample supports. The preparation integrates sample purification, based on the affinity of microcrystalline CHCA for peptides, thereby simplifying the analysis of crude peptide mixtures. Enzymatic digests can(More)
It has become evident that the mystery of life will not be deciphered just by decoding its blueprint, the genetic code. In the life and biomedical sciences, research efforts are now shifting from pure gene analysis to the analysis of all biomolecules involved in the machinery of life. One area of these postgenomic research fields is proteomics. Although(More)
The neurodegenerative disorder Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly. The presence of neurofibrillary tangles, consisting of hyperphosphorylated tau protein, is one of the major neuropathologic characteristics of the disease, making this protein an attractive biomarker for AD and a possible target for therapy. Here, we(More)
The use of delayed ion extraction in MALDI time-of-flight mass spectrometry distorts the linear relationship between m/z and the square of the ion flight time (t2) with the consequence that, if a mass accuracy of 10 ppm or better is to be obtained, the calibrant signals have to fall close to the analyte signals. If this is not possible, systematic errors(More)
The large-gel two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) technique, developed by Klose and co-workers over the past 25 years, provides the resolving power necessary to separate crude proteome extracts of higher eukaryotes. Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) provides the sample throughput necessary to(More)