Eckhard Lammert

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In vertebrates, endothelial cells (ECs) form blood vessels in every tissue. Here, we investigated vascular lumen formation in the developing aorta, the first and largest arterial blood vessel in all vertebrates. Comprehensive imaging, pharmacological manipulation, and genetic approaches reveal that, in mouse embryos, the aortic lumen develops(More)
Endocrine pancreatic beta cells require endothelial signals for their differentiation and function. However, the molecular basis for such signals remains unknown. Here, we show that beta cells, in contrast to the exocrine pancreatic cells, do not form a basement membrane. Instead, by using VEGF-A, they attract endothelial cells, which form capillaries with(More)
Blood vessel endothelium has been recently shown to induce endocrine pancreatic development. Because pancreatic endocrine cells or islets express high levels of vascular endothelial growth factors, VEGFs, we investigated the role of a particular VEGF, VEGF-A, on islet vascularization and islet function. By deleting VEGF-A in the mouse pancreas, we show that(More)
Over the past few years, scientists have realized that many cellular and developmental processes, including pancreatic beta-cell growth and differentiation, stem cell and progenitor cell proliferation and cancer cell metastasis, occur in what are known as 'vascular niches'. Despite increasing numbers of reports on these niches, few common mechanisms have(More)
Adherent fibroblast-like cells have been reported to appear in cultures of human endocrine or exocrine pancreatic tissue during attempts to differentiate human beta cells from pancreatic precursors. A thorough characterization of these mesenchymal cells has not yet been completed, and there are no conclusive data about their origin.We demonstrated that the(More)
RATIONALE Collagen- and calcium-binding EGF domains 1 (CCBE1) has been associated with Hennekam syndrome, in which patients have lymphedema, lymphangiectasias, and other cardiovascular anomalies. Insight into the molecular role of CCBE1 is completely lacking, and mouse models for the disease do not exist. OBJECTIVE CCBE1 deficient mice were generated to(More)
The cardiovascular system is the first functional organ in the vertebrate embryo, and many organs start to develop adjacent to cells of the cardiovascular system. Endothelial cells (EC) form the inner cell lining of blood vessels and represent the major cell type that interacts with developing organs. On the one hand, EC provide organs with signals. These(More)
Technological developments make mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics a central pillar of biochemical research. MS has been very successful in cell culture systems, where sample amounts are not limiting. To extend its capabilities to extremely small, physiologically distinct cell types isolated from tissue, we developed a high sensitivity chromatographic(More)
In vertebrates, beta cells are aggregated in the form of pancreatic islets. Within these islets, communication between beta cells inhibits basal insulin secretion and enhances glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, thus contributing to glucose homeostasis during fasting and feeding. In the search for the underlying molecular mechanism, we have discovered(More)
Mice, deficient for vascular endothelial growth factor VEGF-A in pancreatic islets, have reduced insulin gene expression levels and an impaired glucose tolerance. Here, we investigated whether VEGF-A was required for physiological glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and insulin content. We performed in situ pancreas perfusions and islet perifusions on mice(More)