Eckart Uhlmann

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The primary defect in mice lacking the c-src gene is osteopetrosis, a deficiency in bone resorption by osteoclasts. Osteoclasts express high levels of the c-Src protein and the defect responsible for the osteopetrotic phenotype of the c-src-deficient (src-) mouse is cell-autonomous and occurs in mature osteoclasts. However, the specific signalling pathways(More)
Light-induced phase shifts of circadian rhythmic locomotor activity are associated with the expression of c-Jun, JunB, c-Fos and FosB transcription factors in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus, as shown in the present study. In order to explore the importance of c-Fos and JunB, the predominantly expressed AP-1 proteins for the phase-shifting effects of light,(More)
Peripheral noxious stimulation leads to a rapid and transient expression of c-fos, c-jun and other immediate-early genes (IEGs) in the spinal cord. However, the role of IEG encoded transcription factors in plasticity of spinal neurons remains speculative. In the present study we have shown that superfusion of rat spinal cord with antisense(More)
We have cloned the gene encoding a 43-kilodalton transaminase from Escherichia coli K-12 with a specificity for L-phosphinothricin [L-homoalanine-4-yl-(methyl)phosphinic acid], the active ingredient of the herbicide Basta (Hoechst AG). The structural gene was isolated, together with its own promoter, and shown to be localized on a 1.6-kilobase DraI-BamHI(More)
In the present work we elucidate that the identification of active sequences for a given target is one of the principle hurdles of antisense oligonucleotide therapeutics. A number of 100 oligonucleotides directed against different target genes of HSV-1 and different locations within those genes were screened for antiviral activity. To facilitate comparison,(More)
Induction of c-fos protooncogene expression following exposure of mammalian skin to UV irradiation suggests an involvement in UV-induced alterations of epidermal cell proliferation and viability. In the present study we have investigated whether topically administered c-fos antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) inhibit c-fos activation in the UV-exposed(More)
Proto-oncogenes of the fos and jun family are rapidly expressed in the central nervous system following various stimuli. Proto-oncogene encoded nuclear proteins such as c-Fos or c-Jun act as transcription factors that may link neuronal excitation to changes in target gene expression. However, the precise in vivo functions of proto-oncogenes in(More)
Single ultraviolet (u.v.) irradiation of mammalian cells in culture evokes the transcriptional activation of various proto-oncogenes, among them members of the fos/jun family which are known to play an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation. u.v. exposure of mammalian skin results in growth arrest and cell death followed by(More)
The nuclease resistance of an oligonucleotide sequence that was phosphorothioate (PS)-modified in various positions and patterns was examined. We present a new ¿minimal' protection strategy for antisense oligonucleotides which is a combination of the end-capping technique and the protection of internal pyrimidine residues which are the major sites of(More)