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Constitutive Wnt/β-catenin signaling is a key contributor to colorectal cancer (CRC). Although inactivation of the tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is recognized as an early event in CRC development, it is the accumulation of multiple subsequent oncogenic insults facilitates malignant transformation. One potential contributor to colorectal(More)
The incidence of ovulatory disorders is common in obese animal models. The mechanism behind this effect is unclear. We hypothesised that a high-fat (HF) diet induces alterations in neuroendocrine mechanisms resulting in anovulation in diet-induced obese (DIO) animals. Adult female DIO and diet-resistant (DR) rats were fed either chow or a HF diet (45%(More)
Reproductive and developmental toxicities of zinc supplementation in F(0) rats and F(1) progeny were examined. Rats were treated by gavaging with zinc chloride (ZnCl(2)) at 0.0, 7.5, 15 and 30 mg/kg-d. ZnCl(2) treatment was associated with deficient energy imbalances, reduced number of live pups/litter, decreased live birth index, increased mortality and(More)
The variation in histologic pattern of meningiomas can make their diagnosis challenging. The immunohistochemical profile of 28 canine and 8 feline meningiomas was examined. Tumor types included anaplastic (6 dogs), angiomatoid (1 cat), fibroblastic (3 dogs, 1 cat), meningothelial (1 dog), microcystic (2 dogs), myxoid (3 dogs), psammomatous (4 cats), and(More)
Estrogens are known to cause hyperprolactinemia, most probably by acting on the tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic (TIDA) system of the hypothalamus. Dopamine (DA) produced by TIDA neurons directly inhibits prolactin secretion and, therefore, to stimulate prolactin secretion, estrogens inhibit TIDA neurons to decrease DA production. However, the mechanism by(More)
Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and diindolylmethane (DIM), found in cruciferous vegetables, have chemopreventive and anticancer properties. In the present study, 14 substituted indoles were tested for activity against SW480 colon cancer cells. Among these, 3-(2-bromoethyl)-indole, named BEI-9, showed the greatest inhibition. The effects of BEI-9 on cancer cells(More)
Aging in female rats is characterized by a state called "constant estrous" in which rats are unable to ovulate, have polycystic ovaries and moderately elevated estrogen levels. We hypothesized that chronic exposure of young animals to low levels of E2 can produce reproductive changes similar to that seen in aging animals. Adult female rats were(More)
Adverse events during the prenatal and early postnatal period of life are associated with development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Prenatal exposure to excess testosterone (T) in sheep induces adverse reproductive and metabolic programming leading to polycystic ovarian syndrome, insulin resistance and hypertension in the female offspring. We(More)
Authors have no conflicts to disclose 25 26 Precis: This study describes a novel mechanism involved in estradiol-induced 27 hyperprolactinemia. This involves increases in cytokines, nitric oxide and nitration of 28 tyrosine hydroxylase that decreases dopamine synthesis leading to hyperprolactinemia. Abstract 1 Estrogens are known to cause hyperprolactinemia(More)
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