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Two general mechanisms are implicated in chemical carcinogenesis. The first involves direct damage to DNA, referred to as genotoxic (GTX), to which the cell responds by repair of the damages, arrest of the cell cycle or induction of apoptosis. The second is non-DNA damaging, non-genotoxic (NGTX), in which a wide variety of cellular processes may be(More)
Chemical carcinogenesis induced by lifestyle factors like cigarette smoking is a major research area in molecular epidemiology. Gene expression analysis of large numbers of genes simultaneously using microarrays holds the opportunity to study the effects of such an exposure at the genome level yielding more mechanism-based information. Therefore, the aim of(More)
We investigated the effects of smoking-induced oxidative stress in healthy volunteers (21 smokers versus 24 non-smokers) by quantifying various markers of oxidative DNA damage and repair, and antioxidative defense mechanisms. Lymphocytic 7-hydroxy-8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) levels measured by high performance liquid chromatography with(More)
The evidence from epidemiological and experimental studies that vegetables reduce the risk of colorectal cancer is convincing. However, the involved genes and genetic pathways are not clear. The aim of this study was to identify genes that are modulated in vivo in colorectal mucosa by vegetables, and to investigate whether colon adenoma patients respond(More)
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