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BACKGROUND It is unknown whether either the angiotensin-II-receptor blocker irbesartan or the calcium-channel blocker amlodipine slows the progression of nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes independently of its capacity to lower the systemic blood pressure. METHODS We randomly assigned 1715 hypertensive patients with nephropathy due to type 2(More)
Hypertension is a common disorder of multifactorial origin that constitutes a major risk factor for cardiovascular events such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Previous studies demonstrated an enhanced signal transduction via pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins in lymphoblasts and fibroblasts from selected patients with essential hypertension. We have(More)
This paper presents the conclusions of a workshop entitled 'Impact of Molecular Genetics on the Classification of Renal Cell Tumours', which was held in Heidelberg in October 1996. The focus on 'renal cell tumours' excludes any discussion of Wilms' tumour and its variants, or of tumours metastatic to the kidneys. The proposed classification subdivides renal(More)
BACKGROUND Statins reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the benefit of statins in such patients receiving hemodialysis, who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease and death, has not been examined. METHODS We conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, prospective study of 1255(More)
Elevated arterial pressure is a major risk factor for progression to ESRD in diabetic nephropathy. However, the component of arterial pressure and level of BP control for optimal renal outcomes are disputed. Data from 1590 hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes in the Irbesartan Diabetic Nephropathy Trial (IDNT), a randomized, double-blind,(More)
ABSTRACT.: A potential role of the sympathetic nervous system in progression of renal failure has received little attention. This study examined whether nonhypotensive doses of moxonidine, an agent that reduces sympathetic activity, affects glomerulosclerosis, urine albumin excretion, and indices of renal handling of norepinephrine (NE) in subtotally(More)
It has not been firmly established whether disturbed calcium-phosphate metabolism affects progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans. In this cohort study of 227 nondiabetic patients with CKD, we assessed fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) plasma concentrations in addition to other variables involved in calcium-phosphate metabolism, and we(More)
Despite the high prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), relatively few individuals with CKD progress to ESRD. A better understanding of the risk factors for progression could improve the classification system of CKD and strategies for screening. We analyzed data from 65,589 adults who participated in the Nord-Trøndelag Health (HUNT 2) Study (1995 to(More)
Keywords: chronic renal failure, sympathetic nervous It is therefore surprising that so far nephrologists have neglected the therapeutic potential of modulating system, hypertension sympathetic nervous activity in chronic renal failure. This is even more strange, since there is convincing evidence to show that in chronic renal failure sympath