Eberhard R Horn

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As the increased smoking prevalence in schizophrenics may be interpreted as an adaptive response to an underlying biological defect, investigations into nicotine's actions within N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist drug models of schizophrenia may improve our understanding of the role of glutamatergic neurotransmission in initiating and maintaining(More)
Young fish (Oreochromis mossambicus) were exposed to microgravity (micro g) for 9 to 10 days during space missions STS-55 and STS-84, or to hypergravity (hg) for 9 days. Young animals (stages 11-12), which had not yet developed the roll-induced static vestibuloocular reflex (rVOR) at micro g- and hg-onset, and older ones (stages 14-16), which had already(More)
Experiments were performed to answer the question, whether series of generalized tonic-clonic seizures, induced in the awake rat by a local injection of Na-penicillin (PCN) solution into the motor cortex, terminates at the same critical concentration Ct of PCN within the focal area independently of the concentration C0 of PCN injected. Using the PCN(More)
Fifty outpatients with dysthymic disorder (DSM-III) were divided by double-blind randomized assignment into three groups given ritanserin, imipramine, and placebo, respectively. The trial was of 7 weeks' duration; by week 6, imipramine was clearly superior to placebo, whereas by week 7, both drugs caused significantly more improvement than the placebo.(More)
In 25 rats, an intracerebral hematoma was created in the foreleg area of the motor cortex by injection of 50 microliters blood. After the lesion, 13 were treated with flunarizine and 12 with the solvent. Neurological testing was performed by measuring the running time on a rotating platform. In animals with hemiparesis, the flunarizine group (n = 7) showed(More)
No significant difference in the density (Bmax) of platelet 3H imipramine recognition sites were found between the group of 20 unmedicated depressed patients and 10 healthy volunteers. The mean KD value was significantly higher in the population of depressives than in controls. Non-responders (after 2 weeks of treatment with antidepressants) had(More)
The pathogenesis of the neuroleptic malignant syndrome is currently unclear, and no specific morphological abnormalities in the CNS of victims of neuroleptic malignant syndrome have been described. The authors report a case of neuroleptic malignant syndrome with recent foci of necrosis in the anterior and lateral hypothalamic nuclei. They discuss the role(More)
Gravity related behavior and the underlying neuronal networks are the most suitable model systems to study basic effects of altered gravitational input on the development of neuronal systems. A feature of sensory and motor systems is their susceptibility to modifications of their adequate physical and/or chemical stimuli during development. This discovery(More)