Eberhard Küster

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The responses of various suborganismal and organismal endpoints of Daphnia magna to pulse exposure to sublethal levels of the organophosphate paraoxon-methyl were compared. The changes and recovery of biochemical, metabolic, and behavioural variables, as well as physiological responses, were observed. The cholinesterase (ChE), filtration, and swimming(More)
Insecticides are a potential hazard for non-target organisms like fish particularly at run off events. The study of effects to embryos of the zebra fish Danio rerio is already an accepted tool in waste water monitoring, but effects of various groups of substances (like most pesticides) to the zebrafish embryo remain to be studied. Enzymes are often taken as(More)
Currently, the evidence of a rapid photomodification of anthracene under sunlight resulting in enhanced toxicity exists; however, the chemical causes of toxicity are still unknown. The present study aimed at filling this gap by irradiation of an anthracene suspension with simulated sunlight and subsequent effect-directed fractionation and analysis of toxic(More)
BACKGROUND, AIM, AND SCOPE The use of fish embryos is not regulated by current legislations on animal welfare and is therefore considered as a refinement, if not replacement of animal experiments. Fish embryos represent an attractive model for environmental risk assessment of chemicals since they offer the possibility to perform small-scale, high-throughput(More)
The ability of streptomycetes to produce hydrogen sulfide is generally used for taxonomic purposes. It was found that the previously used method, the blackening of Peptone Iron Agar, does not clearly indicate formation of hydrogen sulfide. It was shown that the blackening of a lead acetate strip is the most accurate indicator for H(2)S-producing(More)
Microtiter plate-based assays are a promising technique for toxicity assessment of substances. Chemicals with physicochemical properties such as high volatility and/or high lipophilicity, however, can be lost from the exposure solution during an experiment, so that exposure concentrations are not consistent. The aim of the present study was to determine and(More)
Vitellogenins (Vtgs) are the major yolk proteins in all oviparous animals. Systematic and regulated processing of these during embryogenesis is crucial for embryonic development. In the present study, toxicant-induced disturbance of Vtg degradation processes during Danio rerio (DR) embryogenesis was analysed to establish a sensitive tool for monitoring(More)
The extent of environmental contamination and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) compounds to sediments of the Niger Delta, Nigeria were assessed using combined chemical analysis and toxicity bioassay techniques. Concentrations of two- to six-ring PAHs of molecular mass 128-278 and toxicity to Vibrio fischeri and Lemna minor are considered(More)
Thermophilic Actinomycetes were isolated from various peat samples and examined in detail. Most of them were classified as Thermoactinomyces vulgaris, a species which frequently occurs in very different habitats. The characters which separate Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus from Thermoactinomyces vulgaris are discussed. They are unstable and not sufficiently(More)