Ebenezer T. Oriaku

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Although the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) is not fully understood, there are numerous studies that have linked the increased risk for developing PD to pesticides exposure including paraquat (PQ). Moreover, the exposure to a combination of compounds or chemical mixtures has been suggested to further increase this risk. In the current study, the(More)
In case of injury or disease, microglia are recruited to the site of the pathology and become activated as evidenced by morphological changes and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Evidence suggests that microglia proliferate by cell division to create gliosis at the site of pathological conditions such as the amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease(More)
Diallyl trisulfide (DATS) is a garlic organosulfide that is toxic to cancer cells, however, little is known about its effect in the initiation phase of carcinogenesis. We sought to determine whether DATS could inhibit the carcinogen, benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), from inducing precancerous activity, in vitro. MCF-10A cells were either pre-treated (PreTx) or(More)
The effect of diet, age and time of dose delivery on the mortality of female B6C3F1 mice from ganciclovir sodium (DHPG) was determined for both single (SD; 400 mg DHPG/kg, ip) and multiple doses (MD; same dose ip for 10 additional days) of the drug. Young (7-10 months) and middle-aged (MA; 19-22 months) mice (B6C3F1), both fed ad lib. (AL) and calorie(More)
The effects of acute perinatal ischemia-hypoxia on fetal liver and brain energy metabolism, fetal brain total free fatty acid concentration and subsequent offspring behavior were investigated in rats. Ischemia-hypoxia was induced at term either by ligation of the uterine blood vessels or submersion of the entire uterine horn in warmed saline. Fetuses of the(More)
Phencyclidine (PCP) is a non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist and exposing the developing brain to PCP has been shown to cause deficits in neurobehavioral functions. In the present study we tested the effects of PCP, as an NMDA receptor inhibitor, on the neuronal differentiation and biogenic amines levels including norepinephrine(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of mortality. Gallic acid (GA) is a natural polyphenol, and we tested its in-vitro cytotoxicity after 24 h in prostate cancer LNCaP cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS GA autoxidation was measured fluorimetrically for H(2)O(2), and O(2)(•-) radicals by chemiluminescence. Intracellular reactive oxygen(More)
Heterocyclic amines (HCAs) are formed when meat products such as beef, chicken, pork and fish are cooked at high temperatures. The most abundant HCA found in the human diet is 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b] pyridine (PhIP). PhIP causes mammary carcinomas in female rats and mice, and is associated with an increased risk of developing colon, breast,(More)
Male Sprague-Dawley rats maintained under controlled lighting and temperature conditions were used in this experiment. Animals were exposed to acute cold (4 degrees C) and immobilization stress for one hour, exposed to cold stress for 7 days (chronic stress) or treated with corticosterone (2 mg/kg) 1 hr prior to sacrificing. Animals with their proper(More)
We examined the influences of dietary restriction (DR) on the circadian profile of liver catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and interacting systems required for removal of H2O2 (support systems), in 18-week old female Fischer 344 rats fed 60% of their ad libitum (AL) diet for six weeks. Food was presented to the DR animals during the early(More)