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We describe a method for mapping the functional regions of the brain using a tran-scranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) device. This device, when placed on a subject's scalp, stimulates the underlying neurons by generating focused magnetic eld pulses. A brain mapping is then generated by measuring responses of diierent motor and sensory functions to this(More)
Nanoparticle (NP) drug delivery vehicles may eventually offer improved tumor treatments; however, NP delivery from the bloodstream to tumors can be hindered by poor convective and/or diffusive transport. We tested whether poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) NP delivery can be improved by covalently linking them to ultrasound (US)-activated microbubbles in a(More)
We describe functional brain mapping experiments using a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) device. This device, when placed on a subject's scalp, stimulates the underlying neurons by generating focused magnetic field pulses. A brain mapping is then generated by measuring responses of different motor and sensory functions to this stimulation. The key(More)
Analysis of monitoring records of 150 patients given over 1000 infusions of 20% mannitol delineared three variables affecting the response of intracranial pressure (ICP) to mannitol: the original ICP; the current dose; and the dose given over the preceding three hours. The level of ICP influenced the response to mannitol as much as the amount of mannitol;(More)
Intravenously injected nanoparticles can be delivered to skeletal muscle through capillary pores created by the activation of microbubbles with ultrasound; however, strategies that utilize coinjections of free microbubbles and nanoparticles are limited by nanoparticle dilution in the bloodstream. Here, improvement in the delivery of fluorescently labeled(More)
AIMS To investigate the efficacy of electrolysed water (EW) in killing Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes on the surfaces of spot-inoculated green onions and tomatoes. METHODS AND RESULTS Green onions and tomatoes were inoculated with a cocktail of three strains each of E. coli O157:H7, Salm. typhimurium and L.(More)
The ability of electrolyzed water (EW) to inactivate foodborne pathogens on the surfaces of lettuce and spinach was investigated. Lettuce and spinach leaves were inoculated with a cocktail of 3 strains each of Escherichia col O157:H7, Salmnonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes and treated with acidic electrolyzed water (AC-EW), alkaline(More)