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We have used three-dimensional reconstruction magnetic resonance imaging techniques to understand the anatomic complexity of operative brain lesions and to improve preoperative surgical planning. We report our experience with 14 cases, including intra- and extra-axial tumors and a vascular malformation. In each case, preoperative planning was performed(More)
A controlled, prospective, randomized study evaluated the use of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) and/or radiotherapy in the treatment of patients who were operated on and had histological confirmation of anaplastic glioma. A total of 303 patients were randomized into this study, of whom 222 (73%) were within the Valid Study Group (VSG), having(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe the development and implementation of a new open configuration magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system, with which neurosurgical procedures can be performed using image guidance. Our initial neurosurgical experience consists of 140 cases, including 63 stereotactic biopsies, 16 cyst drainages, 55 craniotomies, 3 thermal ablations, and 3(More)
OBJECTIVE The complex three-dimensional anatomic features of the brain and its vulnerability to surgical intervention make the surgical treatment of intracranial tumors challenging. We evaluated the surgical treatment of supratentorial tumors using intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which provides real-time guidance, allows localization of(More)
The perception of a visual stimulus can be inhibited by occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation. This visual suppression effect has been attributed to disruption in the cortical gray matter of primary visual cortex or in the fiber tracts leading to V1 from the thalamus. However, others have suggested that the visual suppression effect is caused by(More)
We d escribe a method for mapping t h e f u nctional regions of the brain using a tran-scranial magnetic stimulation TMS device. This device, when placed on a subject's scalp, stimulatesthe u n d erlying n eurons by generatingfocusedmagnetic eld pulses. A brain mapping i s t h en generatedby m easuring responses of diierent motor and sensory functions to t(More)
INTRODUCTION Skull base meningiomas present a difficult surgical challenge because of the high potential morbidity of radical surgical extirpation and their low potential for incapacitating symptomatology. The focal character of meningiomas makes stereotactic radiosurgery an attractive adjuvant treatment modality to resection. The purpose of this study was(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and brachytherapy in the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The patients had either progressive GBM or pathologically proven GBM at recurrence after previous treatment for a lower grade astrocytoma. Thirty-two patients were treated with interstitial(More)
The field of image-guided neurosurgery has developed under the premise that integrating the enhanced discrimination powers of CT scan and MR imaging into the operating room improves the accuracy, safety and precision of neurosurgery, and expand the realm of surgically treatable lesions. Through cooperation between General Electric Corporation and the(More)