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OBJECTIVE The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is high among U.S. adults. Our purpose was to determine whether the prevalence of this syndrome has changed since 1988-1994. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 6,436 men and women aged > or = 20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1994) and 1,677(More)
OBJECTIVE The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has proposed a new definition of the metabolic syndrome that emphasizes central adiposity as determined by ethnic group-specific thresholds of waist circumference. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of this syndrome using the IDF definition among U.S. adults and to compare it with(More)
OBJECTIVE In recent years, several major organizations have endorsed the concept of the metabolic syndrome and developed working definitions for it. How well these definitions predict the risk for adverse events in people with the metabolic syndrome is only now being learned. The purpose of this study was to summarize the estimates of relative risk for(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the prevalences of diagnosed diabetes, and undiagnosed diabetes and pre-diabetes using fasting and 2-h oral glucose tolerance test values, in the U.S. during 2005-2006. We then compared the prevalences of these conditions with those in 1988-1994. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In 2005-2006, the National Health and Nutrition Examination(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the distribution of C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration among adult women in the US helps to establish the magnitude of women at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. METHODS We examined the distribution and correlates of CRP, using data from 2205 women >or=20 years of age from the National Health and Nutrition Examination(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined prevalences of previously diagnosed diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes and high risk for diabetes using recently suggested A1C criteria in the U.S. during 2003-2006. We compared these prevalences to those in earlier surveys and those using glucose criteria. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In 2003-2006, the National Health and Nutrition(More)
OBJECTIVE — Our objective was to perform a quantitative review of prospective studies examining the association between the metabolic syndrome and incident diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS — Using the title terms " diabetes " and " metabolic syndrome " in PubMed, we searched for articles published since 1998. RESULTS — Based on the results from 16(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome using two definitions: one proposed by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III [ATP III]) and one by the World Health Organization (WHO). RESEARCH DESIGN(More)