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Gingiva-derived mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) have recently been harvested and applied for rebuilding lost periodontal tissue. Enamel matrix derivative (EMD) has been used for periodontal regeneration and the formation of new cementum with inserting collagen fibers; however, alveolar bone formation is minimal. Recently, EMD has been shown to enhance the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Studies have shown that bacterial plaque and the associated gingival inflammation increase the severity of gingival overgrowth induced by cyclosporine-A (CsA). This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of CsA on the activities of MMPs from the co-culture of human gingival fibroblasts and U937 macrophages in the presence or(More)
AIM To determine the prevalence of distolingual roots in mandibular first molar teeth in Taiwanese Han Chinese, and its impact on root morphology. METHODOLOGY The presence of distolingual roots in 375 subjects (521 molars) were assessed from 624 patients attending the dental clinics of medical centres around Taiwan island from August 2004 to April 2007(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of quercetin, a flavonol that exhibits anti-inflammatory properties, on experimental periodontal destruction in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS Osteoclast formation on maxillary palatal alveolus was induced with daily lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injections (0, 1 or 5 mg/mL) for 3 d.(More)
This study evaluated candidate carriers for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)-driven periodontal regeneration. Previous experiments indicated the ability of rhBMP-2 in a particulate delivery system to result in substantial regeneration of bone and periodontal regeneration. In the present study, canine demineralized bone matrix (DBM),(More)
Chitosan, a deacetylated chitin, has been reported to accelerate the wound healing and exert anti-inflammatory effect but the possible mechanisms involved are still unclear. Enhanced production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and pro-inflammatory cytokines has been shown to contribute to immunosuppression and cytotoxicity during wound healing. In this study, we(More)
Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) induced bone regeneration and osseointegration was evaluated in supraalveolar peri-implant defects in 5 beagle dogs. Alveolar bone was reduced 5 mm in height in mandibular premolar areas and the premolars were extracted. Three 10 mm titanium fixtures were placed 5 mm into each reduced alveolar crest,(More)
Hypertrophic scarring is related to persistent activation of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad signaling. In the TGF-β/Smad signaling cascade, the TGF-β type I receptor (TGFBRI) phosphorylates Smad proteins to induce fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix deposition. In this study, we inhibited TGFBRI gene expression via TGFBRI small(More)
OBJECTIVE Application of a synthetic BMP-6 polypeptide in a rat periodontal fenestration defect model enhanced periodontal wound healing/regeneration including new bone and cementum formation. The purpose of this study was to translate the relevance of these initial observations into a discriminating large animal model. METHODS Critical-size (4-5 mm)(More)
Substantial activation of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met pathway leads to cancer cell scattering and invasion and has been observed in several types of cancers, including prostate and colorectal cancers. The phosphorylation cascade downstream of HGF, particularly PI3K/Akt signaling, regulates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). How this(More)