Eamonn M. M. Quigley

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Clinical studies suggest that gut disorders are common in Parkinson's disease, but the morphological basis is unknown. Depletion of dopamine-containing neurons in the central nervous system is a basic defect in Parkinson's disease. We compared colonic tissue from 11 patients with advanced Parkinson's disease, 17 with adenocarcinoma (normal tissue was(More)
We have investigated the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in 98 individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) and in a control group of 50. Seventy-nine of those with PD were being treated with dopaminergic medications and 19 were untreated. Those symptoms occurring more frequently in PD patients than in controls included abnormal salivation,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of fibre, antispasmodics, and peppermint oil in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane controlled trials register up to April 2008. Review methods Randomised controlled trials comparing fibre,(More)
We report five patients with Parkinson's disease and dysphagia who were found, by radiological and manometric evaluation, to have evidence of cricopharyngeal dysfunction, which included the presence of a Zenker's diverticulum in two. Cricopharyngeal myotomy was performed in four patients with excellent and sustained improvement in swallowing. We conclude(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation ((CIC) also referred to as functional constipation) are two of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders worldwide. IBS is a global problem, with anywhere from 5 to 15 % of the general population experiencing symptoms that would satisfy a defi nition of IBS ( 1,2 ). In a(More)
OBJECTIVES:Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) are functional bowel disorders. Evidence suggests that disturbance in the gastrointestinal microbiota may be implicated in both conditions. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics in IBS and(More)
The purpose of this clinical study was to determine the efficacy, tolerability, and impact on quality of life of domperidone--a specific peripherally acting dopamine antagonist--in the management of symptoms of gastroparesis, a common and potentially debilitating condition in patients with diabetes mellitus. In the first phase of this multicenter, two-phase(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbances in bowel function in chronic constipation could result in changes in the colonic flora and lead to disordered immunity and to decreased resistance to pathogenic flora. AIM To investigate systemic immunity, the faecal flora and intestinal permeability in patients with chronic constipation, under basal conditions and following(More)
OBJECTIVES:Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder, which has recently been linked to immune activation. We tested the hypothesis that the pro-inflammatory cytokine profile in IBS is driven by the cholinergic system and determined if the responses are mediated by muscarinic receptors.METHODS:Eighty-eight subjects took part in two studies, 37(More)