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The ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase) comprise a family of multidomain transmembrane and secreted proteins. One of their best-established roles is the release of biologically important ligands, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha, epidermal growth factor, transforming growth factor-alpha, and amphiregulin. Because these ligands have been(More)
The long-term potential to routinely use replacement beta cells/islets as cell therapy for type 1 diabetes relies on our ability to culture such cells/islets, in vitro, while maintaining their functional status. Previous beta cell studies, by ourselves and other researchers, have indicated that the glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) phenotype is(More)
The S100 gene family encode low molecular weight proteins implicated in cancer progression. In this study, we analyzed the expression of four S100 genes in one cohort of patients with breast cancer and 16 S100 genes in a second cohort. In both cohorts, the expression of S100A8 and S1009 mRNA level was elevated in high-grade compared to low-grade tumors and(More)
BACKGROUND Skin cancer accounts for 1/3 of all newly diagnosed cancer. Although seldom fatal, basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is associated with severe disfigurement and morbidity. BCC has a unique interest for researchers, as although it is often locally invasive, it rarely metastasises. This paper, reporting the first whole genome expression microarray(More)
The role of intercellular tight junctions in breast epithelial cells is traditionally thought to be in maintaining polarity and barrier function. However, claudin-4, a tight junction protein, is overexpressed in breast tumour cells compared to normal epithelial cells, which generally corresponds to a loss in polarity. The aim of this study was to(More)
ADAM-17 is a matrix metalloproteinase-like enzyme involved in the release of several ligands that have been shown to promote both cancer formation and progression. These ligands include transforming growth factor-alpha, amphiregulin, heparin-binding epidermal growth factor, epiregulin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. In this investigation, we measured the(More)
AIM Assessment of intra- and inter-laboratory variation in multi-centre real-time reverse-transcribed PCR (qRT-PCR)-based mRNA quantification of a prognostic marker in breast cancer using external quality assurance (EQA). METHODS A questionnaire on the methodologies used and EQA calibrators were sent to 5 participating laboratories from 4 European(More)
The derivation of definitive endoderm and in particular endocrine cell types from undifferentiated embryonic stem (ES) cells remains difficult to achieve. In this study, we investigated the potential to regulate the differentiation of ES cells into endodermal derivatives using extracellular factors previously associated with various aspects of pancreatic(More)
The ADAMs are a family of multidomain transmembrane and secreted proteins involved in both proteolysis and cell adhesion. Altered expression of specific ADAMs is implicated in the pathophysiology of several diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer's disease, cardiac hypertrophy, asthma and cancer. Of these different diseases, it is in cancer where(More)
The protein kinase C (PKC) family of genes encode serine/threonine kinases that regulate proliferation, apoptosis, cell survival and migration. Multiple isoforms of PKC have been described, one of which is PKCdelta. Currently, it is unclear whether PKCdelta is involved in promoting or inhibiting cancer formation/progression. The aim of this study was(More)