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Studies were undertaken to characterize the renal responses to acute unilateral renal denervation and the mechanisms involved in these responses. Denervation was produced in anesthetized nondiuretic rats by application of phenol to the left renal artery. Studies were also performed in sham-denervated nondiuretic rats. Whole kidney and individual nephron(More)
We evaluated four different fluoroprobes to determine their capabilities and limitations in measuring intracellular pH by the fluorescent indicator technique. In vitro, carboxyfluorescein, dimethylcarboxyfluorescein, biscarboxyethyl carboxyfluorescein, and 4-methylumbelliferone (4MU) all showed comparably intense fluorescence and excellent pH sensitivity(More)
The urinary sediment was examined by light microscopy in 65 consecutive inpatients with renal insufficiency (not due to pre- or postrenal factors) referred to a nephrology consult service for evaluation. In the 60 patients in whom a single diagnosis was reached, the sediments of 34 (57%) contained an easily recognized cell, which we have called the "bubble(More)
The mechanism of inhibition of HCO3 transport by parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the proximal tubule is not clearly defined. Previous studies in vitro have suggested that this effect is mediated via cAMP generation, which acts to inhibit Na/H exchange, resulting in cell acidification. To examine this question in vivo, intracellular pH (pHi) was measured in the(More)
Sodium reabsorption along the nephron was studied before and after acute unilateral denervation of the left kidney in anesthetized rats with extracellular volume expansion. Studies were also performed before and after sham denervation. Denervation increased urine volume (V) from the left kidney from 35.2 to 59.2 mul min-1 (P less than 0.001) and urinary(More)
The sites of enhanced phosphate (PO4) reabsorption after PO4 deprivation were investigated before and after infusion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in acutely thyroparathyroidectomized rats. Animals were fed either a control PO4 diet (1.6% P) or a low PO4 diet (0.025% P) for 2 days or 7-10 days. In control rats, PTH decreased PO4 reabsorption in the proximal(More)