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N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors mediate increases in intracellular calcium that can be modulated by protein kinase C (PKC). As PKC modulation of NMDA receptors in neurons is complex, we studied the effects of PKC activation on recombinant NMDA receptor-mediated calcium rises in a nonneuronal mammalian cell line, human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK-293).(More)
Many compounds exhibit NR2B-specific modulation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, although their mechanism(s) of action are largely unknown. Using chimeric NR2A/NR2B subunits, we have located a region of NR2B (amino acids 138-238) which regulated glycine-independent polyamine stimulation. Mutation of glutamate 201 in this region affected stimulation by(More)
Chest physiotherapy is an essential part of the management of cystic fibrosis, yet comparatively few studies have investigated the commonly used forms of chest physiotherapy during acute respiratory exacerbations. Fifteen subjects with cystic fibrosis and predominantly mild pulmonary impairment completed a randomised cross-over trial with 24 hours between(More)
Cells transfected with specific N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subtypes undergo cell death that mimics glutamate-induced excitotoxicity pharmacologically. We have further characterized the mechanisms of cell death resulting from NMDA receptor activation in such cells through development of cell counting methods based on co-transfection with green(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are modulated by protein kinase C (PKC) in vivo and in heterologous expression systems. In heterologous expression systems, PKC-mediated modulation is subunit specific with NR2A-containing receptors being potentiated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), while NR2C-containing receptors are inhibited or unaffected.(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors can mediate cell death in neurons and in non-neuronal cells that express recombinant NMDA receptors. In neurons, increases in intracellular calcium correlate with NMDA receptor-mediated death, supporting a key role for loss of cellular calcium homeostasis in excitotoxic cell death. In the present study, free(More)
Haloperidol inhibits NMDA receptors with higher affinity for NMDA receptors composed of NR1/2B compared with NR1/2A. To assess whether the clinical effects of haloperidol and other antipsychotic agents are mediated through this site on NMDA receptors and to examine structure activity relationships at this site, we examined the ability of a variety of drugs(More)