ELIZABETH S. RAVECHE

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Recently discovered type III IFNs (IFN-L) exert their antiviral and immunomodulatory activities through a unique receptor complex composed of IFN-LR1 and interleukin-10 receptor 2. To further study type III IFNs, we cloned and characterized mouse IFN-L ligand-receptor system. We showed that, similar to their human orthologues, mIFN-L2 and mIFN-L3 signal(More)
The frequency of murine B lymphocytes that respond to antibodies directed against membrane IgM was measured. These anti-mu antibodies induced all, or almost all, resting B cells to enlarge over the first 24 h of stimulation. This probably represents the transition from the resting state (G0) to active transit through the cell cycle. In contrast, only a(More)
Similar to human chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the de novo New Zealand Black (NZB) mouse model has a genetically determined age-associated increase in malignant B-1 clones and decreased expression of microRNAs miR-15a and miR-16 in B-1 cells. In the present study, lentiviral vectors were employed in vivo to restore miR-15a/16, and both the short-term(More)
By means of a series of crosses and backcrosses, ZB.CBA/N mice were prepared bearing largely NZB autosomal genes, but having X chromosomes derived only from CBA/N mice. The CBA/N X chromosome carries a gene, xid, that is associated with the lack of a B cell subset necessary for most of the spontaneous autoantibody production by NZB mice. These ZB.CBA/N mice(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in the Western world and the only leukemia for which a possible genetic component has been described. Analysis of this genetic component has been hindered by the fact that disease onset normally occurs after age 50. We report here the aged NZB mouse as an animal model for CLL. NZB mice have a(More)
The genetic basis for autoimmunity in NZB mice has been investigated through analysis of recombinant inbred lines produced by mating NZB mice with two different non-autoimmune strains. Several genes (at least six) were found to be necessary for the production of eight traits characteristic of the NZB mice that were studied. No fundamental genetic defect (an(More)
The appearance of naturally occurring thymocytotoxic autoantibodies (NTA) and spontaneously produced antibodies to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) was studied in NZB, and DBA/2 mice and their F1 and backcross progeny. NTA production was markedly decreased in males; however, castrated males produced quantities of NTA similar to those of females. Because the(More)
The spleens of old NZB mice have an abnormal population of B cells with extra chromosomes. These hyperdiploid B cells manifest increased proliferative capacity; they grow in (NZB X DBA/2)F1 spleens after intravenous injections. Molecular analysis of individual old NZB and F1 passaged spleens demonstrate that hyperdiploid cells represent a clonal or(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most prevalent type of liver cancer. No significant improvement has been reported with currently available systemic therapies. IFN-α has been tested in both clinic and animal models and only moderate benefits have been observed. In animal models, similar modest antitumor efficacy has also been reported for IFN-λ, a new(More)