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Ghrelin, identified in the gastric mucosa has been involved in control of food intake and growth hormone (GH) release but little is known about its influence on gastric secretion and mucosal integrity. The effects of ghrelin on gastric secretion, plasma gastrin and gastric lesions induced in rats by 75% ethanol or 3.5 h of water immersion and restraint(More)
Knowledge of conditions associated with an increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may help to identify patients with OSA and might give some insight into the pathogenesis of OSA and its sequelae. A number of earlier, smaller studies hinted at an association between diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (AN) and OSA. The present study(More)
In this study, cytokine patterns produced by CD4(+) T cells isolated from antrum or corpus gastral biopsy specimens of 10 patients with Helicobacter pylori-positive gastritis were compared. To this end, expression of intracellular cytokines (interleukin-4 [IL-4] and gamma interferon) and of CD4 was assessed by flow cytometry. Ten to 60% of the isolated(More)
AIMS To determine whether an adequate histological diagnosis of gastric polyps can be attained on the basis of forceps biopsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a prospective multicentre study, 194 patients with 222 endoscopically removable gastric polyps (>or=5 mm) underwent forceps biopsy and complete polypectomy. Patients with fundic gland polyps and polyposis(More)
Serum leptin and ghrelin levels were investigated in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome before and during continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) treatment and compared with body mass index (BMI)-matched controls without OSA. Male patients (n=30) with OSA (apnoea/hypopnoea index=58+/-16, BMI=32.6+/-5.3 kg x m(-2)) underwent CPAP(More)
Efficacy of chemotherapy in advanced stages of colorectal tumours is limited. The quinolone antibiotic ciprofloxacin was recently shown to inhibit growth and to induce apoptosis in human bladder carcinomas cells. We investigated the effect of ciprofloxacin on colon carcinoma lines in vitro. CC-531, SW-403 and HT-29 colon carcinoma and HepG2 hepatoma cells(More)
The dynamics of cognitive brain functions of 104 patients with both chronic non-cirrhotic (NC) and cirrhotic liver disease (C: C1, non-encephalopathic; C2, encephalopathic) were investigated by means of visual P300 potentials elicited in both the paradigms of transient (PI) and selective attention (PII). Conventional PVEPs, psychometric tests and(More)
Prostaglandins (PG) derived from COX-1 play an important role in the maintenance of mucosal integrity but the role of COX-2-derived products in mucosal defence mechanism has not been fully explained. Mild stress is known to prevent gastric mucosal lesions induced by severe stress via the phenomenon of adaptive cytoprotection but it remains unknown which COX(More)
CCK exhibits a potent cytoprotective activity against acute gastric lesions, but its role in ulcer healing has been little examined. In this study we determined whether exogenous CCK or endogenously released CCK by camostate, an inhibitor of luminal proteases, or by the diversion of pancreatico-biliary secretion from the duodenum, could affect ulcer(More)
The forced oscillation technique (FOT) has been demonstrated to be a very sensitive tool for the assessment of upper airway obstruction during nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). The present study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of a novel auto-CPAP device based exclusively on the(More)