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Centella asiatica is a medicinal plant that has been in use since prehistoric times. Its active constituents include pentacyclic triterpene derivatives. Studies have been conducted in particular to investigate the madecassosides and asiaticosides. In common with most traditional phytotherapeutic agents, Centella asiatica is used in folk medicine to treat a(More)
Ghrelin, identified in the gastric mucosa has been involved in control of food intake and growth hormone (GH) release but little is known about its influence on gastric secretion and mucosal integrity. The effects of ghrelin on gastric secretion, plasma gastrin and gastric lesions induced in rats by 75% ethanol or 3.5 h of water immersion and restraint(More)
Ghrelin, a novel peptide expressed in the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the gastric mucosa, exerts several biological activities including the stimulation of appetite and food intake, the stimulation of intestinal motility and the release of growth hormone. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of ghrelin in gastric mucosa after its(More)
The short-term prognosis of acutely ill patients with cirrhosis is influenced by the degree of hepatic insufficiency and by dysfunction of extrahepatic organ systems. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the prognostic accuracy of the Child-Pugh classification, the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II system and the(More)
Ischemia followed by reperfusion is known to produce gastric lesions due to oxidative stress, but the role of gastric H(+) secretion in the formation of this mucosal injury remains unknown. We studied alterations in gastric acid secretion and gastric histamine content, as well as the expression of histidine-decarboxylase and interleukin-1beta during the(More)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides cells with positional information and a mechanical scaffold for adhesion and migration. It consists of collagens, glycoproteins, proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans and molecules that are bound specifically by the ECM, such as certain growth factors/cytokines, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and processing enzymes such(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies show that nearly half of the hospitalized patients are readmitted within 6 months from discharge. No data exist about the relationship between adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and readmittance to a department of internal medicine. OBJECTIVES The primary aims of the study were to determine if ADRs could be used as predictors for(More)
Histamine exhibits various biological effects in inflammatory and immunological reactions. To further define its potential role in allergic enteropathy and inflammatory bowel disease, both gut mucosal histamine levels and histamine release from endoscopic biopsy samples were measured. Tissue histamine content resulted from addition of the released amount of(More)
Chronic hepatitis C progresses to cirrhosis within 20 years in an estimated 20-30% of patients, while running a relatively uneventful course in most others. Certain HCV proteins, such as core and NS5A, can induce derangement of lipid metabolism or alter signal transduction of infected hepatocytes which leads to the production of reactive oxygen radicals and(More)
Prostaglandins (PG) derived from COX-1 are essential for the maintenance of mucosal integrity but COX-2 isoform synthesizes PG at a site of inflammation. Recently, COX-2 mRNA expression was demonstrated at the ulcer edge during healing of chronic gastric ulcers but the role for expression of COX-2 and its products such as PGE(2) and cytokines including(More)