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1. Residents of a chronic care hospital (13 men of mean age 88.5 +/- 6 SD years and 13 women of mean age 86.5 +/- 6 SD years) who had multiple pathologies were assessed for leg extensor capability in several ways. 2. A custom-built rig was used to assess leg extensor power, that is, maximal power output over less than 1 s in a single extension of one leg.(More)
The effects of a vertical jumping exercise regime on bone mineral density (BMD) have been assessed using randomized controlled trials in both pre- and postmenopausal women, the latter stratified for hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Women were screened for contraindications or medication likely to influence bone. The premenopausal women were at least 12(More)
Height and demi-span (sternal notch to finger roots with arm out-stretched laterally) were measured using standard procedures in 125 normal young to middle-aged European subjects. Highly significant correlations (r = 0.74) were obtained between the two variables. The reliability of all measurements was good. The standard deviation of the differences on(More)
The effects of brief daily exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) were assessed in a randomized controlled trial in 44 healthy postmenopausal women using weight-bearing exercise in a regimen adapted from osteogenic protocols reported in animal studies. BMD was assessed masked using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry at 0, 6, and 12 months. The sites assessed(More)
Healthy premenopausal women were randomized into control and test groups; both exercised weekly in class and daily at home for a year. The test class did intermittent high-impact exercise; the control class did low-impact exercise. Bone density was assessed blind using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry at the femur (neck, Ward's triangle and trochanter) and(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the health, behavioral, and social factors that influence physical performance in midlife may provide clues to the origins of frailty in old age and the future health of elderly populations. The authors evaluated muscle strength, postural control, and chair rise performance in a large representative prospective cohort of 53-year-old(More)
In a representative survey of 1000 elderly men and women aged over 65 years living in their own homes, assessments have been made of flexibility measured as range of shoulder abduction in addition to health status, psychological well-being and reported customary activity. The results for shoulder abduction were approximately normally distributed and the(More)
1. Objective measurements of the maximal voluntary strength of triceps surae and the amount and speed of customary walking have been made in 56 men and 66 women aged over 65 years, who were living independently. 2. Strength was measured using a dynamometer based upon a hydraulic system (Bourdon tube). Walking was assessed, for amount using a mechanical(More)
OBJECTIVES first, to record, in a representative sample of older men and women, longitudinal changes in (i) maximal voluntary strength of the handgrip muscles, (ii) maximal range of movement in the shoulder joint and (iii) body weight and skeletal size; second, to explore associations between the changes in muscle strength and both customary physical(More)
A subject, who had undergone surgery to replace one hip joint and the proximal half of the femur with an instrumented titanium implant, performed brief exercises whilst simultaneous measurements were made of compressive axial force in the implant using short-range wireless telemetry, ground reactions using a Kistler force plate, and electromyographic(More)