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Cortical granules, which are specialized secretory organelles found in ova of many organisms, have been isolated from the eggs of the sea urchins Arbacia punctulata and Strongylocentrtus pupuratus by a simple, rapid procedure. Electron micropscope examination of cortical granules prepared by this procedure reveals that they are tightly attached to large(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify sensitive epidemiologic predictors of a positive hepatitis C virus antibody test in asymptomatic persons, and to compare the cost of testing only persons with an epidemiologic predictor to that of universal screening. METHODS Seventeen hundred consecutive pregnant women were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for antibody to(More)
Surface antigens of mammalian sperm were studied by use of monoclonal antibodies (MAs). Six hybridoma cell lines were obtained by fusion of mouse myeloma cells with spleen cells from rats immunized with unwashed, epididymal sperm from C3H mice. Quantitative assessment of antibody binding, using a solid phase, antibody-protein A assay, indicated that four(More)
Rat hepatocytes, isolated by a collagenase perfusion technique, specifically bind to polyacrylamide gel containing covalently immobilized 6-aminohexyl beta-D-galactopyranosyl groups. Less than 5% of these cells bind to polyacrylamide or to gels with the following covalently linked ligands: 6-aminohexanol, or the 6-aminohexyl D-pyranosides of alpha-mannose,(More)
A single step immunoaffinity purification procedure for human erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase is described which permitted the isolation of milligram quantities of enzyme from 10 U of erythrocytes, with 113,000-fold purification and a yield of about 22%. In SDS-PAGE analysis, the enzyme corresponds to a disulfide linked dimer of 140 kDa which is converted(More)
The possibility that the surface of the egg of the sea urchin Arbacia punctulata contains a species-specific receptor for sperm has been investigated. The extent of fertilization of eggs of A. punctulata, which is proportional to the number of sperm, is unaffected by the presence of either eggs or membranes prepared from eggs of Strongylocentrotus(More)
The immunological response of cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) to immunization was evaluated utilizing collagenase-isolated pig zona pellucida. Six weeks after initial immunization a high serum titer of antibody was exhibited. Serum antibody titers demonstrated a noticeable decline 5 months after booster injections were discontinued. The assay(More)