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A dose-dependent combination of environmental exposures, estrogenic hormones and genetic predisposition is thought to be required for lupus to develop and flare, but how the environment modifies the immune system in genetically predisposed people is unclear. Current evidence indicates that environmental agents that inhibit DNA methylation can convert normal(More)
DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) is a weak androgen with proposed efficacy in the treatment of mild to moderate lupus, and possible beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk and bone mineral density. We hypothesized that treatment with 200 mg a day of Prasterone (DHEA) would improve pre-clinical measures of atherosclerosis: flow-mediated dilatation (FMD),(More)
BACKGROUND We measured antimullerian hormone (AMH), a marker of ovarian reserve, in women with lupus treated with cyclophosphamide (CYC) (group I), CYC plus gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) (group II) or neither (group III). We hypothesized that AMH would be diminished in women exposed to CYC versus women receiving adjunctive GnRH-a treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and analyse the clinical and immunological characteristics of a large series of patients with delayed lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed renal involvement >or=5 years after the first manifestation(s) of the disease (delayed LN, n = 48)(More)
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