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Endothelial cells were isolated from freshly obtained human umbilical cords by collagenase digestion of the interior of the umbilical vein. The cells were grown in tissue culture as a homogeneous population for periods up to 5 mo and some lines were subcultured for 10 serial passages. During the logarithmic phase of cell growth, cell-doubling time was 92 h.(More)
Cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) stimulated with thrombin are known to synthesize prostacyclin at least in part from arachidonate released by phospholipase A2, an enzyme directly activated by calcium. In this study, thrombin stimulation of Quin 2-loaded HUVEC caused rapid and dose-dependent rises in inositol trisphosphate (IP3) and(More)
Cultured bovine capillary endothelial (BCE) cells produce low levels of collagenolytic activity and significant amounts of the serine protease plasminogen activator (PA). When grown in the presence of nanomolar quantities of the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), BCE cells produced 5-15 times more collagenolytic activity and 2-10(More)
Endothelial cells synthesize prostacyclin (PGI(2)), an unstable prostaglandin that inhibits platelet aggregation and serotonin release. Because cyclooxygenase, which is necessary for synthesis of PGI(2), is inactivated by aspirin, we examined the effect of aspirin on PGI(2) production by cultured human endothelial cells. Endothelial cells synthesize PGI(2)(More)
Cultured endothelial cells derived from human umbilical veins or bovine aorta produce a potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation. The inhibitor is synthesized from sodium arachidonate or or prostaglandin endoperoxides by a microsomal enzyme system. Tranylcypromine, a specific antagonist of prostacyclin synthetase, suppresses production of the inhibitor by(More)
Endothelial cells are a source of physiologically important molecules synthesized therein and secreted to the blood and/or to the subendothelial extracellular matrix. These molecules participate in formation of platelet and fibrin thrombi (e.g., von Willebrand factor and tissue factor) and contribute to antithrombotic properties of the endothelium (e.g.,(More)
Eighty-three patients with circulating anticoagulants were studied at The New York Hospital. The lupus-type anticoagulant, an inhibitor of the prothrombin activator complex, was demonstrated in 58 patients. The inhibitor was identified using the blood and tissue thromboplastin inhibition tests. Inhibition by the lupus anticoagulant was augmented in 67% of(More)
Prostacyclin (PGI(2)) is an unstable prostaglandin which inhibits platelet aggregation and serotonin release and causes vasodilation. The PGI(2) activity produced by monolayers of cultured human endothelial cells and fibroblasts was measured by the ability of their supernates to inhibit platelet aggregation in platelet-rich plasma, or to inhibit(More)
Thrombospondin, a major glycoprotein released from alpha granules of thrombin-stimulated platelets, is a disulfide-bonded trimer of 160-kilodalton subunits. Cultured human foreskin and fetal lung fibroblasts secreted thrombospondin (determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) into the culture medium in a time-dependent manner (15.7 and 5.8 micrograms(More)
Cultured human endothelial cells synthesize and secrete a protein(s) which has Factor VIII antigen but which lacks Factor VIII clot-promoting activity (J. Clin. Invest. 52, 2757-2764, 1973). Von Willebrand factor activity has been identified in medium from cultured human endothelial cells. This activity was demonstrated by the ability to correct the defect(More)