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Consequences of changing biodiversity
The large ecological and societal consequences of changing biodiversity should be minimized to preserve options for future solutions to global environmental problems.
Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: A review of 22 years of recommendations
Viewing invasive species removal in a whole-ecosystem context
Restoration through reassembly: plant traits and invasion resistance.
The Economic Value of Controlling an Invasive Shrub
- E. Zavaleta
- Environmental Science
- 21 June 2000
Abstract Recent interest in the valuation of ecosystem services has provided tools for assessing the costs of invasive species in natural areas. This study evaluates the economic impacts of tamarisk…
Severity of the Effects of Invasive Rats on Seabirds: A Global Review
Assessment of the effects of rats on seabirds can be improved by data derived from additional experimental studies, with emphasis on understudied seabird families such as Sulidae, Phalacrocoracidae, Spheniscidae, Fregatidae, Pelecanoididae,Phaethontidae, and Diomedeidae and evaluation of rat impacts in tropical regions.
High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services
It is shown that 84% of the 147 grassland plant species studied in 17 biodiversity experiments promoted ecosystem functioning at least once, and many species are needed to maintain multiple functions at multiple times and places in a changing world.
Harnessing nature to help people adapt to climate change
2. From sea-level rise to heightened hurricane activity, longer and more frequent droughts and floods, and acidification of the world’s oceans, lives and livelihoods will be increasingly challenged 3…
Grassland responses to three years of elevated temperature, CO2, precipitation, and N deposition
Global climate and atmospheric changes may interact in their effects on the diversity and composition of natural communities. We followed responses of an annual grassland to three years of all…
Additive effects of simulated climate changes, elevated CO2, and nitrogen deposition on grassland diversity
- E. Zavaleta, M. Shaw, N. Chiariello, H. Mooney, C. Field
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 16 June 2003
The results show that climate and atmospheric changes can rapidly alter biological diversity, with combined effects that, at least in some settings, are simple, additive combinations of single-factor effects.