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Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships: II. Theoretical elaboration and measurement.
The development of the transgression-related interpersonal motivations inventory is described--a self-report measure designed to assess the 2-component motivational system (Avoidance and Revenge) posited to underlie forgiving, which demonstrated a variety of desirable psychometric properties.
The Religious Commitment Inventory--10: Development, Refinement, and Validation of a Brief Scale for Research and Counseling.
The authors report the development of the Religious Commitment Inventory-10 (RCI-10), used in 6 studies. Sample sizes were 155, 132, and 150 college students; 240 Christian church-attending married
Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships.
Evidence is found consistent with the hypotheses that the relationship between receiving an apology from and forgiving one's offender is a function of increased empathy for the offender and that forgiving is uniquely related to conciliatory behavior and avoidance behavior toward the offending partner.
Forgivingness, vengeful rumination, and affective traits.
Trait forgivingness was negatively correlated with trait anger, hostility, neuroticism, fear, and vengeful rumination and was positively correlated with agreeableness, extraversion, and trait empathy; however, it is suggested that different content of rumination leads to different outcomes after transgressions.
Cultural humility: measuring openness to culturally diverse clients.
In 4 studies, evidence is provided for the estimated reliability and construct validity of a client-rated measure of a therapist's cultural humility, and it is demonstrated that client perceptions of their therapist'scultural humility are positively associated with developing a strong working alliance.
Religion and spirituality.
Patients in R/S psychotherapies showed greater improvement than those in alternate secular psychotherAPies both on psychological and spiritual outcomes andReligiously accommodated treatments outperformed dismantling-design alternative treatments on spiritual but not on psychological outcomes.
Dispositional Forgivingness: Development and Construct Validity of the Transgression Narrative Test of Forgivingness (TNTF)
Forgivingness is the disposition to forgive interpersonal transgressions over time and across situations. There is currently no acceptable measure of forgivingness for use in testing theoretical
Forgiveness is an emotion-focused coping strategy that can reduce health risks and promote health resilience: theory, review, and hypotheses
Experimental evidence suggests that when people are transgressed against interpersonally, they often react by experiencing unforgiveness. Unforgiveness is conceptualized as a stress reaction.
Relational Humility: Conceptualizing and Measuring Humility as a Personality Judgment
A model of relational humility that conceptualizes humility as a personality judgment is described and initial evidence for the theoretical model is offered.
Forgiveness and Justice: A Research Agenda for Social and Personality Psychology
In this article, five challenging empirical questions about forgiveness are raised and specific ways in which social and personality psychologists could make distinctive contributions are suggested.