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Monitoring endangered freshwater biodiversity using environmental DNA.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that entire faunas of amphibians and fish can be detected by high-throughput sequencing of DNA extracted from pond water, underpin the ubiquitous nature of DNA traces in the environment and establish environmental DNA as a tool for monitoring rare and threatened species across a wide range of taxonomic groups. Expand
Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds
TLDR
A genome-scale phylogenetic analysis of 48 species representing all orders of Neoaves recovered a highly resolved tree that confirms previously controversial sister or close relationships and identifies the first divergence in Neoaves, two groups the authors named Passerea and Columbea. Expand
Worldwide Phylogeography of Wild Boar Reveals Multiple Centers of Pig Domestication
TLDR
Analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences from 686 wild and domestic pig specimens reveals multiple centers of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than Near Eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs. Expand
Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia
TLDR
It is shown that the Bronze Age was a highly dynamic period involving large-scale population migrations and replacements, responsible for shaping major parts of present-day demographic structure in both Europe and Asia. Expand
Detection of a Diverse Marine Fish Fauna Using Environmental DNA from Seawater Samples
TLDR
It is demonstrated that even small samples of seawater contain eDNA from a wide range of local fish species, which indicates the potential of using metabarcoding of environmental DNA (eDNA) obtained directly from seawater samples to account for marine fish biodiversity. Expand
Power and limitations of the chloroplast trnL (UAA) intron for plant DNA barcoding
TLDR
The resolution power of the whole chloroplast trnL (UAA) intron and its P6 loop and has the potential to be extensively used in food industry, in forensic science, in diet analyses based on feces and in ancient DNA studies. Expand
Comparative genomics reveals insights into avian genome evolution and adaptation
TLDR
This work explored bird macroevolution using full genomes from 48 avian species representing all major extant clades to reveal that pan-avian genomic diversity covaries with adaptations to different lifestyles and convergent evolution of traits. Expand
Towards next‐generation biodiversity assessment using DNA metabarcoding
TLDR
The near‐term future of DNA metabarcoding has an enormous potential to boost data acquisition in biodiversity research as further developments associated with the impressive progress in DNA sequencing will eliminate the currently required DNA amplification step, and comprehensive taxonomic reference libraries can be built based on the well‐curated DNA extract collections maintained by standardized barcoding initiatives. Expand
Environmental DNA - An emerging tool in conservation for monitoring past and present biodiversity
TLDR
The achievements gained through analyses of eDNA from macro-organisms in a conservation context are reviewed, its potential advantages and limitations are discussed, and it is expected the eDNA-based approaches to move from single-marker analyses of species or communities to meta-genomic surveys of entire ecosystems to predict spatial and temporal biodiversity patterns. Expand
An Aboriginal Australian Genome Reveals Separate Human Dispersals into Asia
TLDR
It is shown that Aboriginal Australians are descendants of an early human dispersal into eastern Asia, possibly 62,000 to 75,000 years ago, which is separate from the one that gave rise to modern Asians 25, thousands of years ago. Expand
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