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The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave
TLDR
A supernova is caught in the act of exploding, directly observing the shock break-out, which indicates that the GRB progenitor was a Wolf–Rayet star.
HIGH ENERGY NEUTRINOS FROM COSMOLOGICAL GAMMA-RAY BURST FIREBALLS
Observations suggest that {gamma}-ray bursts (GRBs) are produced by the dissipation of the kinetic energy of a relativistic fireball. We show that a large fraction, {ge}10{percent}, of the fireball
An extremely luminous X-ray outburst at the birth of a supernova
TLDR
This work reports the serendipitous discovery of a supernova at the time of the explosion, marked by an extremely luminous X-ray outburst, and attributes the outburst to the ‘break-out’ of the supernova shock wave from the progenitor star, and shows that the inferred rate of such events agrees with that of all core-collapse supernovae.
Magnetic Fields in Starburst Galaxies and the Origin of the FIR-Radio Correlation
We estimate minimum energy magnetic fields (Bmin) for a sample of galaxies with measured gas surface densities, spanning more than four orders of magnitude in surface density, from normal spirals to
High-energy neutrinos from astrophysical sources: An Upper bound
We show that cosmic-ray observations set a model-independent upper bound of
THE EARLY UV/OPTICAL EMISSION FROM CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE
We derive a simple approximate model describing the early, hours to days, UV/optical (UV/O) supernova emission, which is produced by the expansion of the outer 10–2 M ☉ part of the shock-heated
The Luminosity and Angular Distributions of Long‐Duration Gamma‐Ray Bursts
The realization that the total energy of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is correlated with their jet break angles motivates the search for a similar relation between the peak luminosity L and the jet break
γ-Ray Burst Afterglow: Confirming the Cosmological Fireball Model
The recent detection of delayed X-ray and optical emission—"afterglow"—associated with γ-ray bursts (GRBs) supports models in which the bursts are produced by relativistic expanding blast
Dust Sublimation by Gamma-ray Bursts and Its Implications
The prompt optical flash recently detected accompanying GRB 990123 suggests that, for at least some γ-ray bursts (GRBs), γ-ray emission is accompanied by prompt optical-UV emission with luminosity
A 450 Day Light Curve of the Radio Afterglow of GRB 970508: Fireball Calorimetry
We report on the results of an extensive monitoring campaign of the radio afterglow of GRB 970508, lasting 450 days after the burst. The spectral and temporal radio behavior indicate that the
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