• Publications
  • Influence
Development of an electrically stimulated neoanal sphincter
In early surgical attempts to create a neoanal sphincter for patients who are faecally incontinent, skeletal muscle (usually the gracilis) has been transposed around the anal canal. DespiteExpand
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The Estrogen Elixir: A History of Hormone Replacement Therapy in America
In the first complete history of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), Elizabeth Siegel Watkins illuminates the complex and changing relationship between the medical treatment of menopause and culturalExpand
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Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature.
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How the pill became a lifestyle drug: the pharmaceutical industry and birth control in the United States since 1960.
  • E. Watkins
  • Medicine
  • American journal of public health
  • 11 July 2012
Marketing decisions, rather than scientific innovations, have guided the development and positioning of contraceptive products in recent years. I review the stalled progress in contraceptiveExpand
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Medicine, Masculinity, and the Disappearance of Male Menopause in the 1950s
Summary. In an earlier article, I described how the topic of male menopause lived on in the popular press from the mid-1950s through the mid-1990s in spite of its contemporary absence from theExpand
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Construction of a neoanal sphincter by transposition of the gracilis muscle and prolonged neuromuscular stimulation for the treatment of faecal incontinence.
Six patients incapacitating faecal incontinence, in whom conventional treatment had either failed or was contraindicated, were treated by a new technique. A neonanal sphincter was constructed byExpand
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The medicalisation of male menopause in America.
  • E. Watkins
  • Medicine
  • Social history of medicine : the journal of the…
  • 1 August 2007
The topic of male menopause occupied space on the medical radar screen from the late 1930s through the mid-1950s, then virtually disappeared for the next four decades, until the late 1990s. ByExpand
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  • PDF
The Estrogen Elixir
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Construction of a neorectum and neoanal sphincter following previous proctocolectomy
A new operation is described in which a neorectum and neoanal sphincter mechanism have been constructed to restore gastrointestinal continuity and continence in a patient who had previously undergoneExpand
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