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Body mass and encephalization in Pleistocene Homo
TLDR
It is shown that two independent methods of body-mass estimation yield concordant results when applied to Pleistocene Homo specimens, and on the basis of an analysis of 163 individuals, body mass in Pleistsocene Homo averaged significantly (about 10%) larger than a representative sample of living humans.
Who's afraid of the big bad Wolff?: "Wolff's law" and bone functional adaptation.
TLDR
While the bone morphological response to mechanical strains is reduced in adults relative to juveniles, claims that adult morphology reflects only juvenile loadings are greatly exaggerated, and traditional geometric parameters still give the best available estimates of in vivo mechanical competence.
Postcranial robusticity in Homo. I: Temporal trends and mechanical interpretation.
TLDR
The environmental (behavioral) factors that brought about the decline in postcranial robusticity in Homo are ultimately linked to increases in brain size and cultural-technological advances, although changes in robusticity lag behind changes in cognitive capabilities.
Brain Size, Cranial Morphology, Climate, and Time Machines [and Comments and Reply]
TLDR
Relations between body size and brain size indicate that human populations under severe cold stress obtain large volumes more from rounder cranial shape than from differentiation by total body size.
Postcranial robusticity in Homo. II: Humeral bilateral asymmetry and bone plasticity.
TLDR
Skeletal samples of normal modern Euroamericans, prehistoric and early historic Amerindians, and prehistoric Japanese show moderate median asymmetry in diaphyseal cross-sectional areas and polar second moments of area, whereas the tennis-player sample, with pronounced unilateral physical activity, exhibits median asymmetries of 28-57% in the same parameters.
The earliest evidence for anatomically modern humans in northwestern Europe
TLDR
It is shown, using stratigraphic, chronological and archaeological data, that a fragment of human maxilla from the Kent’s Cavern site, UK, dates to the earlier period, and represents the oldest known anatomically modern human fossil in northwestern Europe, fills a key gap between the earliest dated Aurignacian remains and the earliest human skeletal remains.
The early Upper Paleolithic human skeleton from the Abrigo do Lagar Velho (Portugal) and modern human emergence in Iberia.
TLDR
A morphological mosaic indicates admixture between regional Neandertals and early modern humans dispersing into southern Iberia and establishes the complexities of the Late Pleistocene emergence of modern humans and refutes strict replacement models of modern human origins.
Early Modern Humans
AbstractPerceptions of the emergence and spread of modern humans have changed recently through the reanalysis of fossils, an improved geochronological framework, and the discovery of a few specimens.
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