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Caffeinated energy drinks--a growing problem.
Since the introduction of Red Bull in Austria in 1987 and in the United States in 1997, the energy drink market has grown exponentially. Hundreds of different brands are now marketed, with caffeine… Expand
A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial Assessing the Efficacy of Varenicline Tartrate for Alcohol Dependence
Objectives:To assess the efficacy and safety of varenicline (Chantix) for the treatment of alcohol dependence. Varenicline is a partial &agr;4&bgr;2 nicotinic acetylcholine agonist approved by the… Expand
Methadone safety: a clinical practice guideline from the American Pain Society and College on Problems of Drug Dependence, in collaboration with the Heart Rhythm Society.
- R. Chou, R. Cruciani, +14 authors L. Zeltzer
- The journal of pain : official journal of the…
- 1 April 2014
UNLABELLED Methadone is used for the treatment of opioid addiction and for treatment of chronic pain. The safety of methadone has been called into question by data indicating a large increase in the… Expand
Caffeine dependence syndrome. Evidence from case histories and experimental evaluations.
OBJECTIVE The extent to which daily caffeine use is associated with a substance dependence syndrome similar to that associated with other psychoactive drugs is unknown. The purpose of this study was… Expand
Characteristics of older opioid maintenance patients.
- M. Lofwall, R. Brooner, G. Bigelow, Kori Kindbom, E. Strain
- Journal of substance abuse treatment
- 1 April 2005
The aging "baby boomer" population has higher rates of substance use than previous cohorts and is predicted to put increased demands on substance abuse treatment services; however, little is known… Expand
Moderate- vs high-dose methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence: a randomized trial.
CONTEXT Methadone hydrochloride treatment is the most common pharmacological intervention for opioid dependence, and recent interest has focused on expanding methadone treatment availability beyond… Expand
A comparison of levomethadyl acetate, buprenorphine, and methadone for opioid dependence.
- R. Johnson, M. A. Chutuape, E. Strain, S. Walsh, M. Stitzer, G. Bigelow
- The New England journal of medicine
- 2 November 2000
BACKGROUND Opioid dependence is a chronic, relapsing disorder with important public health implications. METHODS In a 17-week randomized study of 220 patients, we compared levomethadyl acetate (75… Expand
Assessment and Treatment of Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Opioid-Dependent Patients
- E. Strain
- The Clinical journal of pain
- 1 July 2002
The purpose of this article is to provide a review of the prevalence, assessment, and treatment of common psychiatric disorders found among patients with opioid dependence. Dependence on opioids can… Expand
Concurrent validation of the Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS) and single-item indices against the Clinical Institute Narcotic Assessment (CINA) opioid withdrawal instrument.
- D. Tompkins, G. Bigelow, J. A. Harrison, R. Johnson, P. Fudala, E. Strain
- Psychology, Medicine
- Drug and alcohol dependence
- 1 November 2009
INTRODUCTION The Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS) is an 11-item clinician-administered scale assessing opioid withdrawal. Though commonly used in clinical practice, it has not been… Expand
Comparison of buprenorphine and methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence.
OBJECTIVE This study compared the efficacy of buprenorphine and methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence. METHOD Participants (N = 164) were relatively treatment-naive, opioid-dependent… Expand