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Caffeinated energy drinks--a growing problem.
A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial Assessing the Efficacy of Varenicline Tartrate for Alcohol Dependence
Varenicline significantly reduced alcohol consumption and craving, making it a potentially viable option for the treatment of alcohol dependence.
Methadone safety: a clinical practice guideline from the American Pain Society and College on Problems of Drug Dependence, in collaboration with the Heart Rhythm Society.
Characteristics of older opioid maintenance patients.
Concurrent validation of the Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS) and single-item indices against the Clinical Institute Narcotic Assessment (CINA) opioid withdrawal instrument.
Moderate- vs high-dose methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence: a randomized trial.
Both moderate- and high-dose Methadone treatment resulted in decreased illicit opioid use during methadone maintenance and detoxification, and the high- dose group had significantly greater decreases in illicit opioids use.
Comparison of buprenorphine and methadone in the treatment of opioid dependence.
- E. Strain, M. Stitzer, I. Liebson, G. Bigelow
- Medicine, PsychologyThe American journal of psychiatry
- 1 July 1994
The results of this study provide further support for the utility of buprenorphine as a new medication in the treatment of opioid dependence and demonstrate efficacy equivalent to that of methadone when used during a clinically guided flexible dosing procedure.
Assessment and Treatment of Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Opioid-Dependent Patients
- E. Strain
- Psychology, MedicineThe Clinical journal of pain
- 1 July 2002
The purpose of this article is to provide a review of the prevalence, assessment, and treatment of common psychiatric disorders found among patients with opioid dependence and to determine if such symptoms are independent of the substance use or substance induced.
A comparison of levomethadyl acetate, buprenorphine, and methadone for opioid dependence.
- R. E. Johnson, M. A. Chutuape, E. Strain, S. Walsh, M. Stitzer, G. Bigelow
- Psychology, MedicineThe New England journal of medicine
- 2 November 2000
As compared with low-dose methadone, levomethadyl acetate, buprenorphine, and high-dose Methadone substantially reduce the use of illicit opioids.