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  • Influence
Summary of: ‘Unto Others. The evolution and psychology of unselfish behavior'
TLDR
A unified evolutionary theory of social behaviour adaptation and multilevel selection group selection and human behaviour human groups as adaptive units and the evolution of psychological altruism are studied.
Evolution, Population Thinking, and Essentialism
  • E. Sober
  • Philosophy
    Philosophy of Science
  • 1 September 1980
Ernst Mayr has argued that Darwinian theory discredited essentialist modes of thought and replaced them with what he has called "population thinking". In this paper, I characterize essentialism as
The Nature of Selection
TLDR
Dyestuffs containing at least two sulphonic acid groups in the molecule, as well as photographic material containing in at least one layer a polyazo dyestuff of the above formula are described.
Reintroducing group selection to the human behavioral sciences
TLDR
It is shown that the rejection of group selection was based on a misplaced emphasis on genes as “replicators” which is in fact irrelevant to the question of whether groups can be like individuals in their functional organization, and makes it clear that group selection is an important force to consider in human evolution.
How to Tell When Simpler, More Unified, or Less Ad Hoc Theories will Provide More Accurate Predictions
  • M. Forster, E. Sober
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 1 March 1994
TLDR
It is argued that this approach throws light on the theoretical virtues of parsimoniousness, unification, and non ad hocness, on the dispute about Bayesianism, and on empiricism and scientific realism.
Prediction Versus Accommodation and the Risk of Overfitting
TLDR
A new approach to the vexed problem of understanding the epistemic difference between prediction and accommodation is presented, floating the hypothesis that accommodation is a defective methodology only when the methods used to accommodate the data fail to guard against the risk of overfitting.
The Multiple Realizability Argument against Reductionism
  • E. Sober
  • Philosophy
    Philosophy of Science
  • 1 December 1999
Reductionism is often understood to include two theses: (1) every singular occurrence that the special sciences can explain also can be explained by physics; (2) every law in a higher-level science
The Nature of Selection: Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus
TLDR
The Nature of Selection presents a powerful analysis of the evolutionary concepts of natural selection, fitness, and adaptation and provides a straightforward and self-contained introduction to philosophical and biological problems in evolutionary theory.
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