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Quantum chromodynamics and the theory of superdense matter
Abstract At high enough density and/or temperature ordinary matter undergoes a transition into a plasma-like phase, consisting of quarks and gluons rather than of separate hadrons. Due to asymptoticExpand
Random matrix theory and spectral sum rules for the Dirac operator in QCD
Abstract We construct a random matrix model that, in the large- N limit, reduces to the low-energy limit of the QCD partition function put forward by Leutwyler and Smilga. This equivalence holds forExpand
Instantons in QCD
The authors review the theory and phenomenology of instantons in quantum chromodynamics (QCD). After a general overview, they provide a pedagogical introduction to semiclassical methods in quantumExpand
What RHIC experiments and theory tell us about properties of quark–gluon plasma?
Abstract This brief review summarizes the main experimental discoveries made at RHIC and then discusses their implications. The robust collective flow phenomena are well described by idealExpand
Event-by-Event Fluctuations in Heavy Ion Collisions and the QCD Critical Point
The event-by-event fluctuations of suitably chosen observables in heavy ion collisions at CERN SPS, BNL RHIC, and CERN LHC can tell us about the thermodynamic properties of the hadronic system atExpand
Why does the quark–gluon plasma at RHIC behave as a nearly ideal fluid?
Abstract This article gives a brief review in the following areas. (i) Collective flow phenomena in heavy ion collisions. The data from RHIC indicate robust collective flows, well described byExpand
Quark-gluon plasma and hadronic production of leptons, photons and psions
Abstract QCD calculations of the production rate in a quark-gluon plasma and account of the space-time picture of hadronic collisions lead to estimates of the dilepton mass spectrum, p⊥ distributionsExpand
Physics of Strongly coupled Quark-Gluon Plasma
This review cover our current understanding of strongly coupled Quark-Gluon Plasma (sQGP), especially theoretical progress in (i) explaining the RHIC data by hydrodynamics, (ii) describing latticeExpand
The QCD vacuum, hadrons and superdense matter
Theoretical Introduction Phenomenology of the QCD Vacuum Euclidean Theory of Tunneling: From Quantum Mechanics to the Gauge Theories Instanton Ensemble in QCD Lattice QCD The QCD CorrelationExpand