• Publications
  • Influence
Language Policy Hidden Agendas and New Approaches
Policies concerning language use are increasingly tested in an age of frequent migration and cultural synthesis. With conflicting factors and changing political climates influencing the
Linguistic Landscape as Symbolic Construction of the Public Space: The Case of Israel
Linguistic landscape (LL) refers to linguistic objects that mark the public space. This paper compares patterns of LL in a variety of homogeneous and mixed Israeli cities, and in East Jerusalem. The
The Power of Tests: A Critical Perspective on the Uses of Language Tests
Language in Social Life is a major series which highlights the importance of language to an understanding of issues of social and professional concern. It will be of practical relevance to all those
第二语言研究方法 = Second language research methods
A paradigm for second language research and an analysis of the data collection process: putting it all together.
Democratic assessment as an alternative
The article describes the strong power of tests and the fact that tests lead to far-reaching and high-stakes decisions and consequences about individuals and groups. Further, there is evidence that
Test impact revisited: washback effect over time
In countries with centralized educational systems national tests are used as primary devices through which changes in the educational system are introduced. This article examines the impact over time
Assessing Multilingual Competencies: Adopting Construct Valid Assessment Policies
All assessment policies and practices are based on monolingual constructs whereby test-takers are expected to demonstrate their language proficiency in one language at a time. Thus, the construct
Does the testing method make a difference? The case of reading comprehension
The paper reports results of a study which examined the effect that various methods used for testing reading comprehension have on the measurement of that trait. The methods investigated in this
Beyond Proficiency Testing: A Diagnostic Feedback Testing Model for Assessing Foreign Language Learning
scribe a model of testing in which tests become sources of meaningful information about the improvement of foreign language learning. This testing model has been implemented by ten schools teaching