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A Global Map of Human Impact on Marine Ecosystems
The management and conservation of the world's oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of human activities and the overlap of their impacts on marine ecosystems. WeExpand
Regional Decline of Coral Cover in the Indo-Pacific: Timing, Extent, and Subregional Comparisons
Background A number of factors have recently caused mass coral mortality events in all of the world's tropical oceans. However, little is known about the timing, rate or spatial variability of theExpand
Reefs at Risk in Southeast Asia
Thermal Stress and Coral Cover as Drivers of Coral Disease Outbreaks
Very little is known about how environmental changes such as increasing temperature affect disease dynamics in the ocean, especially at large spatial scales. We asked whether the frequency of warmExpand
Spatial and temporal changes in cumulative human impacts on the world's ocean
Human pressures on the ocean are thought to be increasing globally, yet we know little about their patterns of cumulative change, which pressures are most responsible for change, and which places areExpand
An index to assess the health and benefits of the global ocean
The ocean plays a critical role in supporting human well-being, from providing food, livelihoods and recreational opportunities to regulating the global climate. Sustainable management aimed atExpand
Assessing evidence of phase shifts from coral to macroalgal dominance on coral reefs.
Many marine scientists have concluded that coral reefs are moving toward or are locked into a seaweed-dominated state. However, because there have been no regional- or global-scale analyses of suchExpand
Regional spatio-temporal trends in Caribbean coral reef benthic communities.
Coral cover has declined on reefs worldwide with particularly acute losses in the Caribbean. Despite our awareness of the broad-scale patterns and timing of Caribbean coral loss, there is littleExpand
Fragmentation of Asia's remaining wildlands: implications for Asian elephant conservation
Habitat loss and fragmentation are main causes for Asian elephant population declines. We mapped wildlands - large, unfragmented and undeveloped areas - asking: (1) Where are the largest wildlandsExpand
A Global Analysis of the Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas in Preventing Coral Loss
Background A variety of human activities have led to the recent global decline of reef-building corals [1], [2]. The ecological, social, and economic value of coral reefs has made them anExpand